Thyroid Cancer – What, Symptoms and Treatments You Need to Know. In addition, thyroid cancer affects up to two times more women than men, between the ages of 23 and 60.
The most common types are papillary, follicular, anaplastic and medullary carcinomas . Papillary carcinoma, which accounts for 70% to 80% of cases, is a mildly aggressive, slowly evolving tumor.
Most of the time, he is diagnosed on a routine exam and reacts well to treatment. When metastases occur, the lymph nodes are usually the ones initially affected.
Causes of Thyroid Cancer:
Experts do not know what causes thyroid cancer . But like other cancers , changes in your cell’s DNA seem to play a role. These DNA changes may include changes that are inherited as well as those that happen as you get older.
Thyroid Cancer Symptoms:
The presence of a nodule in the thyroid, lower anterior neck, is usually not an indication of cancer . However, the occurrence of thyroid nodules in patients with a history of previous neck irradiation or family history of thyroid cancer is more suspect.
Similarly, the presence of thyroid nodule, associated with the presence of cervical lymph node enlargement (enlarged lymph nodes in the neck) and / or hoarseness symptom, may be an indication of a malignant thyroid tumor.
Thyroid Cancer Treatment:
In general, thyroid cancer treatment is surgical (total or partial thyroidectomy) and takes into account the type and severity of the disease. If malignant cells have compromised the cervical ganglia, they must be removed.
Hoarseness and calcium drop are complications of thyroidectomy associated with damage to structures such as the laryngeal nerves and parathyroid glands respectively during surgery.