They Associate Restless Legs Syndrome with Cerebral Change. In addition, the causes of restless leg syndrome may be a change in the somatosensory cortex of the brain . Where sensations are processed, a discovery that can help develop new therapies.
Patients with Restless Legs Syndrome have certain structural changes in the somatosensory cortex. A team of scientists at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis (USA). Therefore, he discovered a structural anomaly in the brain of people with restless legs syndrome.
In addition, it may be the cause of this neurological movement disorder characterized by an irresistible willingness to move the legs. Therefore, which is accompanied by discomfort in the lower extremities.
The main symptoms of Restless Legs Syndrome , which is estimated at 3-10% of the population in USA. They are tingling, itching, pain or feeling of tension in the legs. They manifest especially when the affected person is relaxed or at rest.
So they usually appear during the night rest causing insomnia, conciliation and maintenance. In people with Restless Legs Syndrome the average thickness of the cortex area. It was somatosensory brain to 7.5% lower compared to healthy individuals.
Changes in the Brain Area Where Sensations are Processed:
Patients with Restless Legs Syndrome have certain structural changes in the somatosensory cortex. That is the area of the brain where sensations are processed. And whose function is to detect changes that occur both inside and outside the body. Such as temperature, pain, movement and position of the body, suggesting that the symptoms they experience may be related to these pathological changes.
The study involved 28 patients with severe RLS diagnosed on average 13 years earlier. And another 51 people of the same age who did not suffer from this health problem. The researchers all subjected them to MRI scans. In order to analyze your brain . Concentrating mainly on the somatosensory region of the cerebral cortex .
They found that in people with Restless Legs Syndrome , the average thickness of the somatosensory area of the cerebral cortex was up to 7.5% lower than that of healthy individuals. In addition, these patients had a decrease in the brain area . In which the nerve fibers of the two hemispheres are connected.
These changes support the hypothesis that RLS has symptoms from only changes in the brain . Therefore, providing a new way to better understand this disorder. In addition, it probably helps develop new therapies to fight it.
And that currently Restless Legs Syndrome has no cure and its treatment is based on the administration of iron supplements . Which are not effective in all cases. And in some medications that have been associated with adverse side effects in prolonged treatments.