Syringomyelia – What is, Causes and Treatments that we should know. In addition, Syringomyelia is the development of a fluid-filled cyst (syrinx) within the spinal cord. Over time, the cyst may enlarge, damage your spinal cord and cause pain, weakness and stiffness, among other symptoms.
Syringomyelia has several possible causes, although most cases are associated with a condition in which brain tissue protrudes into its spinal canal (Chiari malformation).
Other causes of Siringomyelia include spinal cord tumors, spinal cord injuries and damage caused by inflammation in your spinal cord.
Causes of Siringomyelia:
Most cases of Siringomyelia are caused by a brain malformation known as Chiari Type 1 (CM1) malformation. CM1 occurs where the brain joins the spinal cord. In this malformation, the brainstem is below normal.
Located at the back of the brain stem is the cerebellum. Often with CM1, the bases of the cerebellar lobes, or the cerebellar tonsils, protrude from the skull and spinal canal.
The Syringomyelia can develop as a complication of:
Treatment depends on the progression of Syringomyelia and whether you are experiencing symptoms that disturb your life.
If you have no symptoms or mild symptoms, you will not need treatment. Your neurologist will monitor the progression of Siringomyelia .
If your symptoms are negatively affecting your life, your neurologist will recommend surgery. The goal of surgery is to relieve pressure on the spinal cord. The type of surgery will depend on the cause of your Syringomyelia .