Syncope – What is, Causes and Treatments that should not be ignored. In addition, syncope is a temporary loss of consciousness caused by a decrease in cerebral blood flow. Also known as fainting, Syncope usually begins suddenly, lasts for a short time, and recovery is complete and spontaneous. Signs and symptoms of syncope include generalized muscle weakness, inability to stand, paleness, weak pulse, sweating, and loss of consciousness.
Fainting may occur due to lack of adequate ventilation in crowded environments, strong emotions, fear, prolonged fasting, standing for a long time, heat stroke, poor blood supply to the brain, pain, among others. So check out Syncope – What It Is, Causes and Treatments:
Causes of Syncope?
The Syncope is always consequent to temporary blood supply deficiency of the brain, usually associated with short episodes of vasospasm. The reasons for syncope range from non-serious causes to potentially deadly ones. There are three major categories of causes:
Those related to the heart and / or blood vessels (cardiac syndromes).
Those mediated by the neural system (vasovagal syndrome).
Those due to orthostatic (postural) hypotension.
Some other causes of syncope include strokes, concussion, low oxygen or blood sugar, drug poisoning and some psychiatric disorders and psychological factors such as acute stress states, for example.
Other factors that can cause fainting are long hours of fasting, low blood pressure, hypoglycemia , emotional commotion, lack of sleep and coughing, severe pain , reaction to the sight of blood or a needle about to penetrate the body and to a dead body or specific activity such as urination or vomiting . The Syncope neurally mediated may also occur when a neck area known as the carotid cavity or other areas of the body is pressed.
How to Prevent Syncope?
For prodromal symptoms, if any, the patient should sit down or preferably lie down. The most effective prevention is to treat the underlying causes.
Possible Complications of Syncope?
Large numbers of syncopes have a very benign course, but major complications can be caused by falls. The syncope cardiac, however, carry the risk of prenunciarem an ischemic stroke.
Recognition of triggering factors, fractional feeding in several daily portions, increased fluid intake, whether or not associated with increased salt intake, the use of medium-compression elastic stockings to knee height, and elevation of the headboard These are examples of non-pharmacological measures, which, used alone or in combination, can often control the frequency and intensity of vasovagal episodes.