Stroke – What is it, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments you need to know. In addition, Stroke, more popular by the stroke, is a serious condition that occurs when the blood supply to the brain is disrupted.
This is because, like all organs, the brain , in order to function properly, needs oxygen and certain nutrients that come from human blood .
Thus, when there is a disruption in blood flow, brain cells die, causing various brain problems, and may even reach death .
As one of the most deadly diseases in the world, stroke is a medical emergency and needs immediate treatment, because the sooner diagnosed what is happening, the less damage the patient will suffer.
Causes of Stroke :
The causes for the onset of stroke essentially result from the development of arteriosclerosis plaques within the human carotid arteries, which are fundamental for bringing blood to the brain , thus hindering its function.
In addition to all this, the existence of another type of carotid disease, coronary heart disease, is also one of the most common causes of stroke .
Among the general symptoms of a stroke include:
Sudden loss of sight in one eye or both eyes
Sudden decrease or loss of strength in the face, arm or leg on one side of the body ;
Sudden change in sensation with tingling sensation in the face, arm or leg on one side of the body ;
Instability, severe sudden vertigo and imbalance associated with nausea or vomiting;
Acute speech disorder, including difficulty articulating, expressing or understanding language;
Sudden and severe headache with no apparent cause.
Treatment for stroke should be started as soon as possible and it is therefore important to know the symptoms to call a doctor immediately, as the sooner you start treatment the lower the risk of sequelae such as paralysis or difficulty speaking .
Thus, treatment can be started by the ambulance specialist on the way to the hospital, with drugs such as antihypertensives to stabilize blood pressure and heartbeat, use of oxygen to facilitate breathing, and control of vital signs such as way to restore blood flow to the brain .