Social Phobia – What it is, Symptoms and Treatments that many still do not know. In addition, social anxiety disorder , or Social Phobia , is a disorder characterized by intense and persistent irrational discomfort and fear of one or more social occasions. The confrontation of situations in front of the public causes anxiety for the fear of suffering negative evaluations or humiliations from others.
The anxiety is a biological characteristic of human beings, which precedes moments of danger or threat. In Social Phobia the sensation goes beyond normal levels, causing the sufferers of the disorder to experience degrees so intense that they can reach acute physiological changes.
Causes of Social Phobia:
The disease is caused by a set of factors interconnected between the external environment and genes, but experts believe that the greater weight is given to patients’ experiences.
Only about 30% of cases have genetic origin, the rest is due to complex experiences.
- Excessive shyness;
- Brain structure.
Social Phobia Symptoms:
Some physical signs and symptoms may sometimes accompany Social Phobia Disorder , such as:
- Rapid heartbeat;
- Stomach ache or nausea ;
- Trouble catching your breath;
- Dizziness or dizziness ;
- Confusion ;
- Diarrhea ;
- Muscle tension;
- Shaking hands .
In addition, people who suffer from Social Phobia tend to avoid common, everyday experiences that can be difficult to bear nonetheless. See examples:
- Use public toilets;
- Interact with strangers;
- Eat in front of others;
- Make eye contact ;
- Start conversations;
- Attend parties or social gatherings;
- Go to work or school;
Enter a room in which people are already seated.
The symptoms of Social Phobia may change over time. They can get worse if there is a strong emotional or stress load .
Diagnosis of Social Phobia:
Prior evaluation with a mental health professional will indicate if your symptoms are caused by Social Phobia or some other health condition.
At the consultation, the doctor will begin the diagnosis with a physical exam to see if any physical cause is behind the signs and symptoms manifested by the patient. He can then ask you a series of questions about these signs in order to better understand the frequency and intensity of symptoms and to know in what kind of situations they are most often recurrent.
Social Phobia Treatment :
The two most common types of treatment for Social Phobia are through medication and psychotherapy.
These two approaches can be used together if the psychiatrist believes that a combination of both could be more effective for the patient.
Prevention of Social Phobia:
There are still no ways to prevent Social Phobia nor is there any way to predict if a person will develop the disease over the years. However, it is possible to adopt some habits that can dramatically decrease the symptoms, see what they are:
If you find yourself suffering from anxiety , seek medical attention. Effects can be minimized if the patient seeks help quickly;
Write your fears, concerns, or longings in a journal. This can help you keep track of your personal life and also help a psychologist or psychiatrist identify what may be causing stress and anxiety. There is a possibility to make you feel better.
Avoid consuming substances like alcohol, drugs, caffeine and nicotine. These substances may have the power to maximize anxiety symptoms causing the condition to worsen further.