Smoking – What, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments You Need to Know. In addition, smoking is a condition of consuming cigarettes or other products containing tobacco, or drug whose active ingredient is nicotine substance.
The World Health Organization (WHO) states that it should be considered a pandemic, ie a widespread epidemic and as such needs to be addressed.
The Smoking is also considered by the WHO the leading cause of preventable death worldwide. It is estimated that one third of the world’s adult population, ie 1 billion and 100 million people (including 200 million women), are tobacco users.
Causes of Smoking:
The smoking is addictive nicotine primarily due to psychoactive substance present in cigarette smoke.
In addition to the physical addiction caused by nicotine we still have the behavioral addiction that is characterized by the routine associated with smoking created by the smoker.
When inhaled, nicotine binds to brain nicotinic receptors located in the region called the brain reward system (CRS) that are activated by releasing dopamine, a neurotransmitter that causes feelings of pleasure, satisfaction, improved attention, learning, memory. These receptors are called alpha-beta.
The symptoms of smoking are relatively subjective. In some cases, it is common for them to be perceived by third parties even before they are perceived by the smoker himself.
The list of symptoms includes:
Continue smoking even after the diagnosis of addiction-related health problems;
Stop social, recreational or professional activities, regardless of their importance, for smoking ;
Constant need to smoke to the point of feeling the effects of a withdrawal
when the body is without nicotine for long periods;
Unable to quit smoking on their own.
The person who smokes becomes dependent on nicotine. Considered a very powerful drug, nicotine acts on the central nervous system like cocaine, heroin, alcohol, with one difference: it reaches the brain in just 7 to 19 seconds.
It is normal, therefore, that when quitting smoking , the first few days without cigarettes are the most difficult, but the difficulties tend to be smaller each day.