Esquizencefalia – What it is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments you may not know about. In addition, schizencephaly is a condition that involves the abnormal formation of the brain . It occurs during fetal development and, as long as the symptoms can be treated, there is no cure. The severity of the symptoms and the life expectancy of the individual can vary widely.
The Schizencephaly occurs when the brain develops fissures or cracks in the cerebral cortex. If these brain cracks occur only on one side of the brain , this is called unilateral schizencephaly . If they occur on both sides of the brain , it is bilateral schizencephaly .
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It is estimated to be found in about 1.5 in every 100,000 live births. There seems to be no gender difference in the frequency with which it occurs.
Approximately 70 percent of brain fissures are found in the frontal lobes and parietal lobes of the brain , although, if they are large, they may extend to the occipital lobes and temporal lobes.
Causes of Schizencephaly:
The exact cause of schizencephaly is still unknown. Some people have genetic and vascular theories about the possible causes. People have linked some cases of the condition to certain medications or infections that can hinder the flood of blood in the development of babies.
Symptoms of Schizencephaly:
Symptoms associated with schizencephaly include the following:
Partial or complete paralysis ;
Abnormally small head;
Poor muscle tone;
Intellectual deficiency ;
Hydrocephalus (where there is excess cerebrospinal fluid in the brain , which increases pressure on the brain and can cause headaches , vomiting, nausea, blurred vision, balance problems, bladder control problems, and thinking problems).
Treatments For Schizencephaly:
Treatment with Schizencephaly includes, but is not limited to:
Drugs to prevent seizures;
In cases that have hydrocephalus, the surgery can be used to implant a tube called a shunt to divert the fluid to another area of the body where it can be absorbed.