Respiratory Allergy – What It Is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments You Don’t Know. In addition, Respiratory Allergies occur when the immune system recognizes a substance that typically does not pose a threat, such as harmful or dangerous. This results in the body producing histamine, which causes inflammation leading to an allergic reaction. The respiratory allergies above can be caused by a number of triggers, resulting in uncomfortable symptoms and in some cases life-threatening.
What is Respiratory Allergy?
Allergic reactions are usually caused by substances to which allergic people have become sensitized (allergens). Many people may be allergic to allergens contained in breathing air, in which case they talk about Respiratory Allergy . Some of these allergens can directly cause respiratory illness or exacerbate conditions that previously exist in susceptible people, such as children and the elderly. The most common respiratory allergies are allergic rhinitis (also known as hay fever) and asthma, which may occur together or separately.
What are the causes of respiratory allergy?
A person’s tendency to become allergic is inherited, although the disease is also triggered by external factors. About 50% or more of children whose parents have allergic disease also develop the disease. The sudden climate changes contribute to the emergence of allergic crises, due to the increase of cases of colds and flu and mites that come from coats and blankets stored for months in closets. Hay fever, usually triggered by pollen, is usually worse in the spring.
Signs and Symptoms of Respiratory Allergy?
Symptoms of rhinitis are due to excessive secretions of the mucous glands in the nose, congestion of large veins of the nasal cavity, causing obstruction to nasal airflow and irritation of the sensory nerves in the nose, throat and eyes by inflammation. Thus, this Respiratory Allergy causes runny nose and / or sneezing, coughing, chest tightness, wheezing, shortness of breath, itching, inflammation of both eyes , rashes and papules, congested paranasal sinuses, headache , disturbed sleep. and lack of concentration. These symptoms are worse early in the morning.
Asthma symptoms are caused by excessive secretions in the bronchi, smooth muscle spasm in the bronchial wall and inflammatory swelling of the bronchial mucosa. These changes cause obstruction of airflow into and out of the lungs. Increased obstruction during exhalation leads to shortness of breath, wheezing and entrapment in the chest. Cough is caused by increased secretions and airway inflammation .
Respiratory Allergy Diagnosis?
Early diagnosis of respiratory allergies is not always an easy task. It depends on a patient’s detailed medical history, with survey of others in the family with a history of allergies. It is this history that will help determine the allergic nature of the problem. For rhinitis, skin and blood tests can be done . In cases of asthma , the doctor may also order specific tests, such as pulmonary function testing, such as spirometry, for example, chest X-rays and some skin tests, due to the strong link between Respiratory Allergy and asthma.
Respiratory Allergy Treatments?
Respiratory allergies hardly have a permanent cure. People often resort to nasal decongestants during an allergic crisis, however, despite the momentary relief these medications may cause, they worsen their symptoms as their effect wears off. The best indication is to use saline solution in moderate amounts to flush the nostrils. Antihistamines can control and minimize allergy symptoms, but there is also the possibility of treatment with vaccines that alleviate allergy symptoms.
Topical corticosteroids have played an important role in the treatment of respiratory allergies , as have immunomodulators, when well-indicated by a specialist physician.
How to Prevent Respiratory Allergy?
Patients should avoid dry weather and pollution, which worsen respiratory allergies. Cold seasons may increase the risk of respiratory complications such as rhinitis and asthma because allergens remain suspended in the air longer due to dry weather. A good way to avoid allergies is to ensure breastfeeding for the baby and to avoid exposing children under one year old to animal hair and other allergenic agents.
House dust, dead skin of people and animals, carpet fibers, mold, animal hair, fungal spores and mites should also be avoided . Some practical steps may be to put covers on pillows and mattresses, keep the house clean and dust free, ventilate the rooms daily, avoid smoky, musty and smelly places and drink at least two liters of water a day.