Surgery to remove the tonsils is very common. This is a common procedure in pediatrics to treat chronic tonsillitis or infections. Despite being a solution to these problems, new research has found that this procedure increases the risk of developing respiratory, allergic and infectious diseases.
Get to know the research
Scientists have concluded that tonsil removal surgery can cause problems in the future due to the long-term effects of the operation. This gland is placed in the throat to protect the body against antigens that enter the body through the air or through food.
The study led by the universities of Melbourne, Copenhagen and Yale analyzed data from Danes of approximately 1.2 million children born between 1979 and 1999. Around 60,000 of them had their tonsils removed before the age of 10 and volunteered for study. It should be noted that these were observed up to 30 years.
The research analysis showed that the risk of respiratory disease almost tripled after the tonsils were removed. The most common diseases that have been observed are asthma, influenza, pneumonia and chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD).
The study says that the benefits of short-term surgery should not last until the patient’s 30 years. On the other hand, long-term risks can be significantly higher. Despite this, the Brazilian Association of Otolaryngology and Cervical-Facial Surgery does not agree with the study.
Vinicius Ribas Fonseca, president of the Brazilian Academy of Pediatric Otolaryngology, said the information in the study is incomplete and partial because it is based on a retrospective study of analysis of general medical records from a single country with privileged socioeconomic conditions. This is completed with the argument that “the study in question does not propose to collect laboratory tests that demonstrate the cause of these pathologies and their relationship with the surgeries evaluated.”