Pulmonary Hypertension – What It Is, Symptoms and Treatments

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Pulmonary Hypertension – What It Is, Symptoms and Treatments We Should Not Ignore. In addition,  Pulmonary Hypertension  is a condition in which blood pressure is abnormally high in the arteries of the lungs.

This problem often overloads the right side of the heart and can lead to more serious health complications.

Cause of Pulmonary Hypertension:

Anyone can develop pulmonary hypertension , but it is more common in adults over 30 years. Although not fully understood, changes in pulmonary circulation are related to increased inflammation, fibrosis and narrowing of blood vessels. Thus, the main causes are:

Primary: occur due to changes in the formation of the pulmonary vessels, for unknown causes, in this case called idiopathic, and also for hereditary causes, and diseases such as thyroid disease, scleroderma, lupus, HIV infection and diseases. blood, for example.

Secondary: caused by changes in the heart, such as heart failure, and lung diseases such as emphysema, sleep apnea, pulmonary thrombosis or sarcoidosis, for example.

All of these causes difficulty in the circulation of blood within the lung, which can further burden the heart , and if left untreated, the symptoms get worse and worse.

Risk factors:

The risk of developing Pulmonary Hypertension may be higher if:

You are a young adult, since idiopathic pulmonary hypertension is more common in younger adults;

You are overweight;

You have a family history of the disease;

You have one of several conditions that may increase your risk of developing pulmonary hypertension;

You use illegal drugs like cocaine;

You take certain appetite suppressant medications;

You have an existing risk of developing pulmonary hypertension, such as a family history of the condition, and you live at a high altitude.

Pulmonary Hypertension Symptoms:

Initial symptoms include:

  • Shortness of breath during routine activity;
  • Fatigue ;
  • Chest pain;
  • Heart beat ;
  • Pain in the upper right side of the abdomen;
  • Decreased appetite .

Later symptoms include:

  • Feeling clearheaded, especially during physical activity;
  • Fainting ;
  • Swelling in the ankles or legs;
  • Lips or bluish skin.

Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension:

To treat Pulmonary Hypertension , one should try to correct its origin, such as treating heart disease or lung problems , for example.

Medicines may be used to try to improve circulation and reduce lung pressure , such as anticoagulants, vasodilators, antihypertensives, diuretics, and oxygen mask therapy. However, in very severe cases, heart or lung transplantation may be the only solution.

Respiratory exercises, guided by a physiotherapist, can also help with recovery and improvement of symptoms.

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