Premature Menopause – What is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments best suited to deal with this condition. In addition, some studies have revealed that menopausal age has to do with the patient’s family history. According to the doctor, the age at which menopause occurs may not be related only to the time of first menstruation, but when the patient’s mother and sisters entered menopause.
At an early stage, premature aging of the ovaries can be a silent problem that causes no symptoms as the woman may continue to have menstruation and unknowingly may be heading for an early menopause .
What is Premature Menopause:
It is called early menopause when the event happens before age 40 due to some factor that prevents your ovaries from functioning properly. Its symptoms are the same as in a common menopause and it happens mainly when someone close to the family has had the same situation.
The early menopause occurs when a woman is born with a smaller than expected reserve of ovarian follicles clusters of cells found in the ovary or when they are consumed much faster than normal throughout life. Often the causes are not very well defined, but can be explained by genetic abnormalities, exposure to toxins or autoimmune diseases.
Causes of Premature Menopause:
Menopause before age 40 is considered premature or early. One of the medical causes of premature menopause is known as premature ovarian failure.
In premature ovarian insufficiency, the ovaries stop functioning normally before age 40. Women with premature ovarian insufficiency may still occasionally have menstrual periods, but often experience infertility . Premature ovarian failure is usually accompanied by primary ovarian failure. Early ovarian insufficiency is usually accompanied by symptoms of premature menopause .
It can also be caused by cancer treatments or other conditions involving chemotherapy and / or radiation therapy to the pelvis. These treatments can damage the ovaries and result in ovarian failure.
Surgery to remove the ovaries, whether for benign or malignant conditions, results in premature menopause if both ovaries are removed. Surgery to remove the uterus results in menopause only in the sense that menstrual bleeding does not occur. In this case, the ovaries will continue to produce hormones.
Other infrequent causes that can lead to premature menopause include drugs, chronic diseases, pituitary and hypothalamic tumors, psychiatric disorders, and other relatively rare or undefined conditions.
Premature Menopause Symptoms:
Symptoms of Premature Menopause are often the same as those experienced by women undergoing natural menopause and may include:
- Irregular or missed
- periods Periods that are heavier or lighter than usual
- Hot flashes (a sudden sensation of heat that spreads over your upper body)
- These symptoms are a sign that the ovaries are producing less estrogen.
- Along with the above symptoms, some women may experience:
- Vaginal drying (the vagina may also become thinner and less flexible);
- Bladder irritability and worsening loss of bladder control (incontinence);
- Emotional changes (irritability, mood swings, mild depression);
- Dry skin , eyes or mouth;
- Insomnia ;
- Decreased sexual desire.
Treatment of Premature Menopause:
It is important to get the right treatment as soon as possible.
The Premature Menopause increases the risk of osteoporosis and heart disease in middle and later life because of loss of estrogen.
It also causes an increased risk of Parkinson’s disease . These risks can be reduced if estrogen therapy is used until middle menopause age – 52.
Women should be sure that these risks do not apply to HRT used in young women with POI because hormone therapy is simply putting back what it should be at this stage of their lives.
Another option is the combined pill which also offers protection against bone loss.
For women who cannot use HRT (and this may be due to previous cancer or blood clotting), other treatments are available, including complementary therapies, but expert advice is required.
All advice on creating a healthier lifestyle around the menopause season also applies, so it includes more exercise, quitting smoking, reducing alcohol, increasing fruits and vegetables and trying to keep life stress free. as possible.