Patellar Tendonitis – What it is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments that we will show you now. In addition, the Tendonitis Patellar , known in English as jumpers knee ( knee jumper’s) is a condition which, though seemingly harmless, can lead to great disability to sport.
Blazine was the first author to study the disease in 1973, describing an insertional tendinopathy (tendon disease) seen in skeletally mature athletes who practiced long jump. The jumper’s knee usually affects the patellar tendon attachment of the lower pole of the patella due to the shear mechanism that occurs during deceleration in sports.
Patellar Tendonitis What it is:
Most commonly seen in young adults, Patellar Tendonitis is associated with decreased flexibility of the posterior hamstring (hamstring) and repetitive extrinsic contraction movements (muscle remains contracted while stretching the muscle fibers ) of the knee extensor mechanism , also known as the knee extensor. as femoral quadriceps.
Initially, Patellar Tendonitis is due to insidious pain in the lower edge of the patella, especially after sports. Later pain may even appear during physical activity and prolonged knee flexion limiting performance.
The diagnosis is basically made through good history and clinical examination. Plain radiographs are usually normal, but are part of the complementary diagnostic tests.
Ultrasonography is the most used exam for diagnostic confirmation while magnetic resonance imaging is indicated for chronic, recurrent cases or for planning surgical treatment if this is the case.
Causes of Patellar Tendonitis:
The most common causes are:
Incorrect execution of sports gesture,
Anatomical defects ( varus knee , valgus or lower limb dysmetry),
Very heavy training,
Very hard playing surface (eg asphalt),
Muscle imbalances .
It is important to find the right shoe, there are many types for each plant and each one is specific to a particular sport, for example an amateur runner should wear a heavier shoe than a pro.
In patients affected by knee tendonitis , some movements cause microtrauma with hypoxia (lack of oxygen), increased temperature, etc. After 30/40 years is much more frequent, in fact age causes a change of fibers and therefore an injury occurs more easily.
Cycling can cause knee tendonitis , but it usually occurs in the quadriceps tendon, ie above the patella. Usually this disease is caused by a very low saddle.
Patellar Tendonitis Symptoms:
Pain is the first symptom of patella tendonitis, usually between your kneecap and where the tendon attaches to your backbone (tibia).
Pain in your knee can:
First, be present only when you begin physical activity or right after an intense workout ;
Chases until it interferes with playing your sport;
It eventually interferes with daily movements, such as climbing stairs or climbing a chair;
A combination of factors may contribute to the development of Patellar Tendonitis , including:
Physical activity: Running and jumping are most commonly associated with patella tendonitis. Sudden increases in how hard or how often you engage in activity also add to the stress on the tendon, as your running shoes can change.Patellar Tendonitis Causes
Tight Leg Muscles: Tight thigh (quadriceps) and hamstring muscles, which run in the back of the thighs, may increase the tension in the patella tendon.
Muscle Imbalance: If some muscles in your legs are much stronger than others, stronger muscles may pull harder on your patellar tendon. This uneven attraction can cause tendonitis.
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Patellar Tendonitis Treatments:
Doctors usually start with less invasive treatments before considering other options, such as surgery.
Medications For Patellar Tendonitis:
Analgesics such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) or sodium naproxen (Aleve, others) may provide short-term relief of pain associated with patella tendonitis.
Patellar Tendonitis Therapy:
A variety of physical therapy techniques can help reduce the symptoms associated with patella tendonitis, including:
Stretching Exercises : Regular and stable stretching exercises can reduce muscle spasm and help prolong muscle-tendon unity. Do not jump during your stretch.
Strengthening Exercises: Weak thigh muscles contribute to tension in the patella tendon. Exercises that involve lowering the leg very slowly after extending it are particularly useful.
Patella Tendon Strap: A strap that applies pressure to your patellar tendon can help distribute force away from the tendon and direct it through the strap instead. This can help ease the pain.
Iontophoresis: This therapy involves spreading a drug with corticosteroids on your skin and then using a device that delivers a low electrical charge to push the medication through your skin.