Parrot Fever – What it is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments that we will show now. In addition, Parrot Fever , also known as Psittacosis, is a rare type of pneumonia , transmitted by Chlamydial bacteria present in birds, which when manifested in humans produces symptoms such as fever, chills, headache , blocked airways, cough , nasal bleeding, enlargement of the spleen and lung lesions.
Birds, such as parrots, pigeons and macaws, are the natural reservoirs of the disease, which is transmitted to humans through the air by aspirating feather dust or by direct contact with objects contaminated with faeces or urine from infected animals.
Psittacosis is a highly contagious disease. The diagnosis is made through blood tests and is treated with tetracyclines for at least 10 days, but symptoms begin to recede within 2 days of starting treatment.
Bird owners can protect themselves by avoiding contact with the dust of sick bird feathers and cages, while maintaining healthy eating and hygiene at the breeding site.
Causes of Parrot Fever:
Psittacosis – similar to another disease called ‘ornithosis’ – is usually caused by inhalation of dust from feces or feathers of infected birds, in turn: the infectious disease is actually caused by the bacterium Chlamydia psittaci.
Infection can also occur after the kiss of a sick bird and only rarely occurs due to venereal or inhalation of cough droplets from infected people. In any case, man-to-man transmission can occur more easily when it comes to particularly virulent avian strains.
Parrot Fever Symptoms:
Symptoms occur after the incubation period – usually asymptomatic – about 1-3 weeks and include fever, chills, fatigue, weakness, muscle pain, headache , dizziness, malaise and loss of appetite: temperature gradually increases, thus, since it is accompanied by the appearance of cough and dyspnea.
Fever may remain elevated for about 2-3 weeks, then start to slowly decline, its recovery is indeed extremely gradual. The disease can be mild or severe, which in fact depends on the patient and the extent to which it may be called pneumonia .
How to Diagnose Parrot Fever:
At the onset of suspicious symptoms and signs, you should contact your doctor immediately and this is because in severe cases without treatment, you can reach a 30% mortality rate. Diagnosis is not easy to make because symptoms can easily be mistaken for influenza and other serious illnesses.
Psittacosis is, however, recognized thanks to the history and examination and analysis of the case, which will allow the most appropriate treatment to be established, including computed tomography, chest X-rays and serological tests to identify the microorganism cause of the infection.
Parrot Fever Treatments:
Parrot fever is treated with antibiotics. Tetracycline and doxycycline are two antibiotics that are effective against this disease. However, your doctor may sometimes choose to treat you with other types or classes of antibiotics. Very young children can be treated with azithromycin.
After diagnosis, antibiotic treatment usually continues for 10 to 14 days after the fever has cooled.
Most people who are treated with Parrot Fever make a complete recovery. However, recovery may be slow in older people, very young or with other health problems. Still, parrot fever rarely causes death in humans who have received proper treatment.
If you have pet birds, you can take steps to reduce your chances of getting parrot fever. These include cleaning their cages every day and taking good care of their birds to help prevent them from getting sick.
Feed your birds properly and give enough space so that they are not crowded in the cage. If you have more than one cage, make sure that the cages are far apart so that feces and other issues cannot be transferred between them.
If you get a new bird, have it look by a vet. It is good then to isolate the bird and monitor it for disease at least 30 days before allowing it to contact other birds.
If you see a sick or dead bird (either wild or a pet), you should not touch it. Contact the city’s animal control service to remove a dead wild bird.
If it is a pet, you must be careful when touching or moving it. Wear gloves and mask to avoid breathing bacteria, feather dust or other debris. You should also disinfect the cage and all equipment the bird has used to prevent infection or reinfection.