Ovarian Cancer – What It Is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment


The  Ovarian Cancer  or Ovarian Cancer  is a disease that kills countless people around the world. In addition, this is, according to the SPG, the most lethal of all gynecological cancers. A malignant ovarian tumor can invade adjacent organs.

In addition, it can release cancer cells in the abdomen, leading to the formation of other tumors in surrounding organs and tissues or even spreading through the lymphatic system, explains the Portuguese League Against Cancer.

About 90 percent of tumors  of the ovary arise in menopausal women, especially after 55 years. Tubal ligation or removal of the uterus are associated with a lower risk of ovarian cancer .

What is Ovarian Cancer:

Among all types of cancers in women, Ovarian Cancer  has the lowest survival rate. Being diagnosed annually in nearly 250,000 women worldwide, Ovarian Cancer accounts for 140,000 deaths per year. Statistical data indicate that only 45% of women with ovarian cancer are likely to survive for five years, compared with 89% of women with breast cancer .

Developed and developing nations are equally affected by this disease. Symptoms are often misdiagnosed as they can be confused with symptoms of other, less serious diseases, especially gastrointestinal disorders.

Most patients are only identified in the advanced stages of the disease when their treatment is most difficult. There is no simple or routine test to find out Ovarian Cancer accurately. There are no accurate and safe detection tests for Ovarian Cancer .

Causes of Ovarian Cancer:

The Ovarian Cancer has no cause fully elucidated. It is known to begin with genetic mutations that alter the characteristics of cells, making them altered in their ability to multiply rapidly, invade neighboring tissues, irrigate neighboring blood vessels, and spread to form cell clusters. called tumors where they started or forming tumors distant from the initial called metastases.

Ovarian Cancer Symptoms:

The Ovarian Cancer  at an early stage causes no obvious symptoms. However, as cancer progresses, the following symptoms may appear:

Pressure or pain in the abdomen, pelvis, back or legs;

Swollen abdomen or feeling “stuffed”;

Nausea , indigestion, gas, constipation (constipation) or diarrhea;

Constant feeling of great tiredness;

Ovarian Cancer Symptoms

Some less frequent symptoms are:

Shortness of breath;

Constant urge to urinate;

Unusual vaginal bleeding (periods of high flow or bleeding after menopause)

In most cases, these symptoms are not indicators of cancer, although only the doctor can accurately state it. Women who have these symptoms should tell their doctor.

Ovarian Cancer Treatment:

The treatment of ovarian cancer is surgical. The scope of the surgery depends on the specific type of cancer and its stage. If it has not spread beyond the ovary, it is possible to extract only the affected ovary and the fallopian tube on the same side.

If the cancer has spread beyond the ovary, both ovaries and the uterus should be extracted , as well as the nearby lymph nodes and all those surrounding structures through which the cancer usually expands.

After surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy can be given to destroy any small residual cancerous areas. The Ovarian Cancer that has spread (given rise to metastases) is difficult to cure.

Five years after diagnosis, the survival rate of women with the most common types of ovarian cancer is 15 to 85 percent. This wide margin reflects differences in the aggressiveness of certain cancers and the diverse immune responses to cancer among women. Time to healing and recovery time vary from woman to woman.

If the woman has not yet reached menopause, surgery may cause hot flashes, vaginal dryness and night sweats. These symptoms are caused by the sudden loss of female hormones.


The Ovarian Cancer and its treatment can lead to other problems health . Patients may need to receive supportive care to prevent or control these problems and improve their comfort and quality of life.

Pain: Your doctor or pain management specialist may suggest some ways to relieve or reduce pain.

Swollen abdomen (due to abnormal accumulation of fluid – ascites): The swelling may be uncomfortable, but the medical team may remove the fluid as its volume increases.

Intestinal obstruction: Cancer can clog the bowel; This can be clear through surgery.

Swollen legs (due to lymphedema): Having swollen legs can make it very uncomfortable and difficult to bend over. It may be helpful to exercise, massage or wear elastic stockings. Physiotherapists trained to control lymphedema may also help.

Shortness of breath: Advanced cancer can cause fluid to be stored around the lungs, which makes breathing difficult. Medical staff may remove the fluid as it increases in volume.

Sadness: It is normal to feel sad after you have been diagnosed with Ovarian Cancer . Some people find it helpful to talk about their feelings.


Share This:


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here