Nasal Polyps – What Is, Causes and Treatments That Should Not Be Ignored. In addition, Nasal Polyps is a benign tumor that arises in the mucosa of the nasal cavity. Unlike polyps that appear in the large intestine or bladder, this type of polyp has nothing to do with cancer. Nasal polyps are neither cancer nor risk of becoming cancer.
Anyone can have one or more Nasal Polyps , but they are more common in individuals over 40. In children, these lesions are rare. While in the adult population the incidence of polyps can reach 5%, in childhood they are only found in about 0.1%. So, check out the Nasal Polyps – What It Is, Causes and Treatments:
What is Nasal Polyps?
Nasal polyps are small benign growths of inflamed tissue in the mucous layer of the nose or sinuses that protrude into them. They usually begin near the ethmoid sinuses, located in the upper inner part of the nose, and spread to open areas. They may vary in size, shape, color and location, be unilateral or bilateral, and may be located in different regions of the nose and sinuses. They can be single or multiple or come together to form true curls.
Causes of Nasal Polyps?
We do not fully understand why Nasal Polyps arise , but we know that there is a relationship between genetic predisposition and chronic inflammatory airway processes.
There is some evidence that the immune system of people with this type of polyp has altered behavior, and their mucous membranes have different chemical markers than those in patients who do not develop polyps.
Among the known risk factors for the onset of nasal polyp we can mention:
Family history of nasal polyps .
Allergic rhinitis .
Bronchial Asthma .
Chronic sinusitis .
It is important to highlight that not all people with the diseases mentioned above develop nasal polyps . The patient must have some genetic predisposition for these problems to trigger the development of polyps in the nasal cavity.
There is a strong association between aspirin allergy and the presence of nasal polyps . Patients who are allergic to aspirin and have recurrent rhinitis or sinusitis should be investigated for the presence of nasal polyps . Similarly, patients with a confirmed diagnosis of nasal polyps should avoid aspirin use.
Risk Factors of Nasal Polyps:
The Nasal Polyps may develop at any age but are most common in young women and middle-aged adults. In addition, any condition that triggers chronic inflammation in the nasal passages, such as allergies and infections, may increase the risk of developing nasal polyps .
Allergic fungal sinusitis ;
Allergic rhinitis ;
Chronic sinus infections;
Chronic sinusitis ;
Churg-Strauss syndrome, which causes inflammation of blood vessels;
Family history and genetic variations associated with the immune system .
Treatment of Nasal Polyps:
The main goal of nasal polyp treatment is to reduce its size or eliminate it completely. For this, both the doctor and the patient can go to different approaches. Medication use is usually the first option. However, surgery may also sometimes be necessary but may not completely solve the problem as nasal polyps tend to recur in the future.