Myoclonia – What is Causes, Symptoms and Treatments that we should know. In addition, myoclonia is a condition caused by our body’s reaction to an infection, a blow to the spinal cord or head, kidney problems and brain tumors.
Drug use or poisoning also provokes this reaction. Some patients suffering from Alzheimer’s , Parkinson’s disease , Epilepsy and Multiple Sclerosis may also suffer from Myoclonia .
The researchers believe that the sensation of shock reported by patients comes from a deficiency in neurotransmitters.
One would be serotonin responsible for blood vessel contraction and sleep, and the other would be gamma-aminobutric acid, which acts directly on muscle management.
Causes of Myoclonia:
Myoclonic movements may occur in patients with Multiple Sclerosis, Parkinson’s Disease, Alzheimer’s as mentioned above. Also, it is normal for people with epilepsy to develop, a disorder in which brain activity changes, causing seizures.
Individuals with Myoclonus usually describe their signs and symptoms as idiots, shakes or spasms that are:
Located on one body part or all over the body ;
Variable in intensity and frequency;
Sometimes severe enough to interfere with eating, talking or walking .
Treatments For Myoclonus:
Medications that doctors usually prescribe for Myoclonia include:
Tranquilizers such as Clonazepam (Klonopin), a tranquilizer, is the most common remedy used to combat the symptoms of myoclonia . Clonazepam can cause side effects like loss of coordination and even drowsiness.
Anticonvulsants: Drugs used to control epileptic seizures have also been shown to be helpful in reducing the symptoms of myoclonia .
The most common anticonvulsants used for Myoclonia are levetiracetam (Keppra), valproic acid (Depakene) and primidone (Mysoline).