Monosclerosis – What is, Causes, Symptoms and Prevention you need to know. In addition, mononucleosis is a condition caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. This virus affects the cells that line the nose and throat , affecting B lymphocytes.
This infection may be high fever , difficulty swallowing, cough and other symptoms. The infection caused by this virus is very normal and mainly affects children, adolescents and adults.
About 45% of children have already had a Monosclerosis virus infection before the age of five. Young adults and teenagers often get infectious monosclerosis by kissing or intimate contact with someone already infected.
Causes of Monosclerosis:
The Monosclerose Infectious is through a virus called Epstein-Barr quoted as one of the most affecting the health of human beings, however, the disease can occur due to other viruses yet.
Once spread, the virus comes into direct contact with our oropharynx to then reach B lymphocytes, ie the white blood cells responsible for antibody production.
As I just explained, when acquired in childhood, monosclerosis usually goes unnoticed. Less than 9% of infected children have symptoms. This incidence begins to rise over the years, reaching its peak between 15 and 24 years.
This is the age group that most often has symptomatic infection . Mononucleosis is rare after age 30, since virtually everyone in this group will have been exposed to the virus at some point in their lives.
People with monosclerosis are encouraged to rest for a week or two while their symptoms are severe. After about two weeks, they can be as active as they like.
However, because of the risk of spleen rupture, contact sports and weight lifting should be avoided for one month until physicians confirm by examination or sometimes ultrasound that the spleen has returned to normal size.