Learn all about Meniere’s Disease and how to Treat it

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It is a disease that can be confused with labyrinthitis. See why it happens and how is the treatment

Meniere’s disease, also called edolymphatic dropsy, is an ear problem that occurs when there is a strain in the inner compartment of the ear where the labyrinthine fluid is found. This fluid is called endolymph, hence the name of the syndrome. When this bloating occurs, it causes fluid pressure inside the ear. See what are the causes, symptoms and treatment to follow.

Causes of Meniere’s disease

There is still no precise reason for the causes of Meniere’s. Doctors place these causes suggestively, depending on the analysis of the cases already treated, which can be:

1. Allergies

A person with an allergy can trigger this distention in the inner ear in an allergic crisis.

2. Autoimmune diseases

Along the same lines as allergies, there are diseases of the immune system such as lupus and rheumatism that can also cause the problem.

3. Chronic diseases

The list of possible causes has also indicated the presence of the disease in people with high blood pressure, diabetes and migraines.

4. Problems with eating and metabolism

Another dysfunction that could generate pressure in the ear fluid is metabolic, eating problems and infections.

Each cause will trigger a crisis at a specific point in a person’s life, which can be during a crisis of stress, changes in diet, the menstrual cycle and even smoking.

Main symptoms

Prosper Meniere is the name of the director of the Deaf Mute Institute in Paris. The disease received its name because it identified it at the beginning of the 19th century, based on the following symptoms:

1. Vertigo

Vertigo is that feeling that everything around you is spinning. This is because the labyrinth fluid that is under pressure cannot send correct signals to the brain about its position in the environment.

2. Hearing reduction

Also for the same cause, it may happen that you perceive that your hearing is weakening. It is common to feel that the ear is clogged.

3. Buzzes

The buzz is a sound with a frequency that is annoying, as if a whistle of milkmaid or a screech of TV out of the ear all the time. The types of noise vary depending on the case.

When a person has a crisis, they may have symptoms for 20 minutes or up to 24 hours. During that time the symptoms fluctuate and there may be nausea and vomiting due to vertigo. It is common for the disease to be confused with initial labyrinthitis or discomfort, but it is still important to see a doctor to explain the symptoms in detail.

Does the disease have a cure?

In principle there is no cure for Meniere’s disease, but a treatment that allows the person to live with quality of life. The goal of treatment is to reduce seizures and their symptoms, and prevent them from progressing over time. Depending on the stage of the disease, hearing aids may be necessary.

How is the treatment?

Among the treatment options, which vary from case to case, the patient may receive medications to relieve dizziness and nausea. Vestibular rehabilitation therapy will also be an option, with specific exercises to improve balance.

For this there is a device called Meniett, an apparatus to apply positive pressure to the ear and improve fluids inside the labyrinth.

Other suggested recommendations for the patient to apply in his routine, which allow to improve his life with the disease, are to reduce the consumption of caffeine, eat healthy and balanced, avoid foods that promote high blood pressure or excess glucose in the diet.

It is also recommended to do physical activity and meditation, yoga or pilates because they help relieve daily stress.

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