Mastitis – What It Is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments


Mastitis – What it is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments of this condition. In addition, breast mastitis  is an inflammation  that is usually caused by an infection. This can occur with any woman , although it is more common during the first 6 months of breastfeeding.

For this reason, mastitis  is often a disease. It can cause a lot of fatigue in a new mother. If the disease is added to the duty of caring for a baby, many women  completely stop breastfeeding, but it is possible to continue breastfeeding.

Generally, breastfeeding helps cure the infection and breast milk is not harmful to the newborn. The condition is usually unilateral, but in rare cases it may be bilateral. The Mastitis  in women  who do not breastfeed are more common in postmenopausal women. She is a very rare disease in men.

What is mastitis?

The Mastitis  is nothing more than a flash  in the breast region that occurs due to the involvement of the mammary ducts, especially during breastfeeding. Breast ducts are the channels through which milk needs to pass before it exits through the nipples.

An infection called Mastitis  is a  very common inflammation of the mammary glands in the first weeks of breastfeeding, but it can occur at any stage while the body is producing milk.

There are two types of Mastitis , Infectious Mastitis and Duct  Blockage Mastitis  . In the infectious type, the disease can be caused by the penetration and multiplication of bacteria present in the woman’s skin  or in the baby’s mouth in the mammary glands.

In the other way, the inflammation  of the nipples may result from the accumulation of milk in the breast ducts, either due to insufficient emptying of the breast or even by the high production of milk.


Causes of Mastitis:

The Mastitis  occurs most often during breastfeeding since baby’s mouth can contain bacteria that enter through the breast ducts or through a crack in the nipple. Breastfeeding infections occur most commonly within the first three months after delivery, but may occur at other times during breastfeeding.

In women  after menopause, the infection breast may be associated with inflammation  chronic ducts beneath the nipple. Hormonal changes in the body can cause milk ducts to become clogged with dead skin cells and debris, favoring infection .

Other causes of infection  include chronic mastitis  and a rare form of cancer called inflammatory carcinoma.

In  healthy women , mastitis  is rare. However, women  with diabetes, AIDS, or other diseases that compromise the immune system may be more susceptible.

Mastitis Symptoms:

The mastitis  presents as main signs and symptoms of breast hardening (paved milk), local redness, pain, fatigue, chills and fever, usually above 38 ° C. On touch, the area of ​​the affected breast is usually hardened, with increased temperature and painful.

The mastitis  breastfeeding usually affect only one breast , is rare infection  while bilateral. The picture usually begins mildly, first with the hardening of a region of the breast, indicating milk stasis at this site. From there, pain and a small local redness may appear.

Proper breast emptying at this time is important to prevent the progression of inflammation . If stasis persists, there may be infection  of the site, and then symptoms of high fever, chills and prostration appear .

Mastitis Diagnosis:

Because it is an infection  that has spots and swelling in the affected region, the safe diagnosis of the condition can be made quite simply, by analyzing the symptoms that arose. Cultures and tests that analyze breast milk samples are also critical for detecting the disease.

In more advanced cases, when a woman cannot release breastfeeding milk, mammography and even biopsy of the affected breast may be required to try to detect the infection . Safe diagnosis is critical, as some symptoms of mastitis  can easily be mistaken for some types of breast cancer.

Mastitis Treatments:

It is important to be alert to the symptoms of inflammation . At the slightest sign, it is important to seek a specialist to analyze the case avoiding possible complications. If the condition is diagnosed, treatment consists of taking specific antibiotics and symptomatic medications (analgesics and antipyretics).

According to Dr. Mariana, in some cases there is need for invasive treatment by puncture of the floating points (pus) and, in more severe cases, surgical intervention to drain the abscess.

For less complicated mastitis  , recovery may take 3 to 4 days with antibiotic use. Already complicated, with abscess, can take up to 10 days to improve. We must not forget that the patient’s immunity is directly related to the treatment response.

Mastitis Prevention:

Some simple attitudes can help in preventing this condition. When breastfeeding, the woman  should completely empty one breast before moving the baby to the other and starting the next meal from the last breast the baby used. When you feel that your breast is too full, it is recommended to use pumps to remove excess milk.

Not always breastfeeding in the same position, sanitizing the breast well before the baby uses it and not allowing the baby to use the breast as a pacifier, ie sucking the breast without removing the milk, are also attitudes that help prevent mastitis .

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