Lip Leporino – What is, Causes and Treatments to end this anomaly. In addition, Cleft Lip is an opening in the lip or palate and may be complete. These openings result from incomplete development of the lip and / or palate (roof of mouth) while the baby is forming before birth. The lip and roof of the mouth develop separately during the first three months of pregnancy. In the most common fissures the left and right sides of the lip do not come together, leaving an open vertical line.
The same situation can happen with the roof of the mouth or palate. In rarer cases there may be two clefts on the palate, one on the right side and one on the left.
Leporino lip is not just an aesthetic change. It is the cause of health problems such as poor nutrition, breathing, speech and hearing problems, chronic infections and changes in teeth. Similarly, Lip Leporino lead to emotional, sociability and self-esteem issues. Thus, the treatment for Lip Leporino needs a multidisciplinary approach, that is, the participation of specialists in the field of plastic surgery, otolaryngology, dentistry, speech therapist, for example.
Currently, the recommendation is that the Leporino Lips should be corrected within the first 72 hours after birth for upper lip reconstruction and nose repositioning as there is usually a collapse of the nose wing due to lack of support from the loose muscle that side.
Causes and Risk Factors for Leporino Lip
Researchers do not yet know exactly what causes the cleft lip . However, it is already known that the cleft lip is linked to a combination of factors involving genetics and also the mother’s environment during pregnancy.
People who have close family members or who have had a cleft lip themselves are more likely to have their children develop the condition. But even in these cases, the condition is still rare. Some of the attitudes in pregnancy that are already known to favor the cleft lip are:
Smoking and / or consuming alcohol during pregnancy;
The mother has diabetes before becoming pregnant;
Use of certain medicines to treat epilepsy or migraine such as topamax and valproic and
also the use of steroid tablets;
Do not take folic acid supplement during pregnancy;
The mother being obese during pregnancy.
Prevention For Cleft Lip:
As the Cleft Lip comes closer to being genetic in nature, there is not always a way to prevent it. But one possibility is to avoid the risk factors mentioned and to make an early diagnosis through ultrasound examination, so that parents can take time to seek medical attention and prepare for their child’s problem.
Treatment For Cleft Lip:
The main treatments when a baby is born with cleft lip are:
Performing surgeries to correct the problem. Babies with cleft lip usually have their first surgery until they are 12 months old and then usually perform other surgeries throughout their lives;
Guidance regarding special breastfeeding care. Breastfeeding of babies with cleft lips is possible as long as the mother receives proper guidance. In some cases, a special bottle may be required;
Guidance regarding hygiene care. Special care should be taken when brushing the teeth of cleft lip babies and it is expected that this guidance will be given by the doctor or other healthcare professional;
Babies born with cleft lips usually need the help of a speech therapist so that they can develop speech correctly.