Leukoplakia: Characteristics, Causes and Treatments of this Condition


White spots on the tongue are not always a sign of poor oral hygiene

The leukoplakia is a type of abnormal tissue found in the mouth or throat. It is abnormal because it presents as a white or gray spot that can be on the cheek, the roof of the mouth, the surface or under the tongue, anywhere inside the oral cavity to the throat.

In addition to this, there are also other types of erythroplasia, which is a slightly agitated and bleeding red spot, and erythroleukoplakia, which is a white and red spot. What you will know now are its symptoms, causes and treatments.


In general, leukoplakia is a condition that has no symptoms such as pain, stinging or burning. In almost all cases, the spot suddenly appears and disappears in the same way, without treatment. This stain has the following characteristics:

White coloration

This type of stain has a gray-white color and no matter what the person does, it will not come out. It is no use brushing or rinsing your mouth. In fact, if you try once and don’t go out, don’t insist because you can hurt yourself.

Irregular or smooth texture

The texture of the stain presented is somewhat variable, being able to be totally smooth with some irregularities, but not very evident.

Oral or hairy leukoplakia

In this type it can take place when the white plates have small cracks, such as creases or hairs, which in this case generally occur on the sides of the tongue.

Common causes of the condition

The main causes are related to a constant irritation caused inside the mouth, which leads to inflammation and the development of the spot. These causes are:

  • Bite the inside of the mouth and cheek;
  • Crooked teeth or any other irregularity that causes pain or irritation in your mouth;
  • Use of dentures;
  • Smoke;
  • Alcoholism;
  • Excessive sun exposure of the lips;
  • AIDS

Cause of hairy leukoplakia

The type of hair is when the person has low immunity and the body is affected by the Epstein-Barr virus which, generally, is latent in the body without causing damage. This should be considered not only in people who are sick or recovering from a medical condition, but also as a symptom that a problem in the body needs to be treated.

Mouth cancer

Although it is a practically harmless problem, it deserves medical attention because it can also be related to mouth cancer, emerging as a symptom. In this case, it means that the plaques that form the stain are cancerous and treatment is needed as soon as possible.

Treatments for leukoplakia

The most common type, which has no symptoms, disappears by itself without treatment. But if it does not go away in a few days, it is important to go to the doctor for a biopsy and make sure it is the common or cancerous type.

In the event that the biopsy confirms the cancer scenario, then the plaque should be removed immediately by surgical intervention. If it is not cancer, the person should only try to solve the problems that caused plaque, for example, by quitting smoking and going to the dentist to repair the denture or the tooth that is hurting the cheek. This will prevent the problem from persisting, which would be a risk of becoming cancer or becoming infected with another type of bacteria or virus.

The tips in this article do not replace a doctor’s consultation. Remember that each organism is unique and can react differently to the aforementioned. To achieve these results, care must be combined with a healthy and balanced lifestyle.


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