Labyrinthitis – What is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments of this condition. In addition, Labyrinthitis is an ear disease that affects the maze and its structures responsible for hearing and balance. The maze is an organ that is part of the vestibular apparatus, responsible for maintaining balance.
The maze is a set of semicircular arcs that have liquids inside. The movement of these fluids is interpreted by the brain helping to identify movements and keep us in balance.
Importantly, people often call any disturbance in the inner ear region Labyrinthitis. The correct term is labyrinth disease, with Labyrinthitis being one of them.
What is Labyrinthitis?
It is an inappropriate term, but widely used by people, to designate an infection in an ear canal – the labyrinth, which is composed of the cochlea and the atrium – and that compromises both the balance and hearing of the individual.
The disease usually manifests after age 40 or 50, due to metabolic changes in the body. The labyrinthitis is mainly characterized by symptoms such as dizziness, imbalance, deafness or tinnitus.
They occur simply because if the cochlea or atrium does not function properly, the brain receives erroneous information about one’s body position in space, and may give the sensation of rotation, fall, or fluctuation.
Causes of Labyrinthitis:
The causes of Labyrinthitis are not yet clear. But it is known, however, that infections and inflammation are the main causes of the disease, such as otitis media and the cold.
Other factors, although less frequently, can also cause labyrinthitis, such as tumors, neurological diseases, mechanical compressions, genetic alterations, allergies, and the use of drugs harmful to the health of the inner ear.
The main symptom of Labyrinthitis is vertigo, an oscillating sensation with the sensation that the surrounding is moving, this is caused by inflammation in the labyrinth canal causing the person’s balance to change. Other important symptoms for diagnosis are:
Stomach acidification ;
Pressure in the ear ;
Fever from 38 ° C;
A little discharge in the ear ;
Ringing in the ear ;
Loss of hair;
Changes in hearing;
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Usually the treatment is divided into three phases:
Symptom Treatment: A dizziness assessment is made. For this, sedatives are used as well as rest when necessary.
Treatment time will depend on the cause of the disease and the individual sensitivity of the patient.
Cause Treatment: It is the investigation of what caused the problems in the maze. Risk factors are analyzed: metabolic, infectious, rheumatic and anatomical.
After a clinical examination, where the doctor seeks possible causes of the problem, hearing and balance, blood and radiological tests may be required.
Labyrinth Rehabilitation: Rehabilitation is the speech therapy – and eventually also physical therapy – that can be used with or without medication.
When the origin of dizziness is difficult to control, as in the case of atherosclerosis in the elderly, rehabilitation offers good results in 80% of cases.