Kidney Stone – What It Is, Causes and Treatments

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Kidney Stone – What it is, Causes and Treatments that many ignore. In addition, kidney stone , also called kidney stone, is a stone-like mass that can form anywhere in the urinary system . Kidney stone is usually eliminated through the urine without causing symptoms, but in some cases it can get stuck in the urine channels, causing severe pain and blood in the urine.

The treatment is usually done with fluid intake and medicine intake, and in the most severe cases surgery may be required.

What is Kidney Stone:

Kidney stones, or kidney stones, are hardened formations in the kidneys or urinary tract resulting from the accumulation of crystals in the urine. Its presence may go unnoticed, without symptoms, but it can also cause very severe pain that starts in the back and radiates to the abdomen. toward the inguinal region.

It is a pain that manifests in cramps, that is, with a peak of intense pain followed by some relief. In general, these attacks may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting and require medical and hospital care.

The causes of kidney stones, also known as kidney stones, may be related to low fluid intake, diet , genetic factor and may be aggravated due to some diseases. Thus, some of the causes of kidney stones include:

Renal calcium calculation: of hereditary origin and should be treated with a low sodium and protein diet , and diuretics are recommended. Treatment can be done by reducing the intake of oxalate and fat rich foods, taking a calcium supplement to facilitate the fixation of oxalate in the intestines.

Renal Calculation of Uric Acid: May be caused by excessive consumption of protein-rich foods that generate increased uric acid in the bloodstream. In this case treatment can be done with allopurinol and a low purine diet.

Renal Calculation of Cystine: Of inherited origin, can be treated with massive amounts of liquids, alkalis and D-penicillamine when needed.

Renal calculus of struvite: may be caused due to a complication of an infection in the urinary system . Its treatment can be done by taking antibiotics and surgery to remove the stones, as they tend to be large.

When performing tests that diagnose kidney stones the doctor can identify which type of calculation the individual has, making an analysis of its composition, and thus indicate the best treatment.

For all types of kidney stones , the main recommended treatment is the ingestion of approximately 3 liters of water per day and plenty of rest, because hospitalization is not always necessary, as the stones can be naturally expelled by the body.

In addition, kidney stones can also be caused by rare diseases such as primary or secondary hyperoxaluria, for example. These diseases promote an accumulation of oxalate in the body due to deficiencies in some enzymes that would digest this compound, thus eventually overloading the kidneys, leading to the emergence of stones.

These diseases can be treated with probiotic supplements containing the live bacteria Oxalobacter formigenes, which produces energy through the consumption of Oxalate and is therefore very effective in eliminating them.

Kidney Stone Symptoms:

Symptoms of kidney stone come on suddenly when the stone is very large and gets stuck in the kidney, when it begins to descend through the ureter, which is a very tight channel to the bladder, or when it causes an infection.

Renal seizure may vary over time, especially in the location and intensity of pain, but small stones often do not cause problems and are often only discovered during urine, ultrasound or X-ray examinations, for example.

Thus, the main symptoms caused by this problem are:

Waves of intense pain in the lower back, which can also affect the groin and testicles ;

Painful urination ;

Pink, red or brown urine due to the presence of blood ;

Increased urge to urinate ;

Nausea and vomiting ;

Difficulty lying down and resting due to restlessness of pain;

Fever above 38ºC, chills and diarrhea in case of infection.

Kidney Stone Treatments:

Treatment during a kidney stone crisis should be indicated by a urologist and is usually initiated in the hospital through the use of vein painkillers such as Tramadol and antispasmodic remedies such as Scopolamine. After a few hours when the pain picture improves, the patient is discharged.

At home, treatment can be continued with oral painkillers such as Paracetamol, rest and hydration with about 2 liters of water a day to facilitate stone release.

In the most severe cases, where the stone is too large to go out on its own, surgery or laser treatment may be required to ease it out. However, during pregnancy , treatment should be done only with painkillers and medical monitoring.

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