Kawasaki Syndrome – What It Is, Causes and Treatments

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Kawasaki syndrome what is it? What Causes Kawasak Syndrome? How to Treat Kawasak Syndrome ? These are some of the questions that we will address in this article clearly. In addition, Kawasaki Syndrome is a rare disease that results from sudden inflammation of the artery walls of the body, causing rash , fever, lymph node inflammation , and sometimes cardiac and joint inflammation .

This disease is not contagious and mainly affects children under 5 years, especially boys. Its causes can be problems with the immune system , which causes the body’s own cells to attack blood vessels and cause inflammation ; infections caused by viruses or genetic factors.

The Kawasaki disease is a rare childhood disease that affects the blood vessels. The symptoms can be severe for several days and can seem daunting to parents. But most children return to normal activities.

This Kawasaki syndrome causes inflammation in the arteries, veins and capillaries throughout the body, including those that carry blood to the heart . It also affects the lymph nodes and causes symptoms that affect the nose, mouth and throat. It is the most common cause of heart disease in children.

The disease is more common in children 1 to 2 years old and is less common in children older than 8 years. The disease is not contagious either.

Causes of Kawasaki Syndrome:

No one knows what causes Kawasaki disease, but the disease is neither contagious nor hereditary. A number of theories link the disease to bacteria , viruses or other environmental factors such as environmental pollutants such as chemicals or toxins or a reaction to certain medications, but are thought to be caused by an infectious agent (something that causes an infection). however none has been proven.

Certain genes may increase a child’s susceptibility to Kawasaki disease , it is also thought to be an autoimmune disease that attacks their own immune system tissues and organs.

Risk Factors of Kawasaki Syndrome:

Three factors can increase a person’s risk of Kawasaki syndrome. Are they:

Age: Children under 5 are more likely to develop the disease.

Gender: Boys are more likely to develop the disease than girls.

Ethnicity: Children of Asian or Asian descent are more likely to have Kawasaki Syndrome .

Kawasaki Syndrome Symptoms:

Symptoms of Kawasaki syndrome include:

  • Fever lasting at least 5 days;
  • Red eyes;
  • Rash ;
  • Swollen, red and cracked lips and tongue;
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck;
  • Ulcerative gum disease ( gingivitis );
  • Joint pain often on both sides of the body;
  • Irritability;
  • Cough and runny nose.

Get medical help immediately if your child has symptoms of Kawasaki disease . Early diagnosis and treatment can often prevent future heart problems.

Treatment For Kawasaki Syndrome:

The Kawasaki disease has no cure and its treatment is the use of drugs to reduce inflammation and prevent worsening of symptoms.

Treatment consists of administering for about 5 days high doses of immunoglobulin, a protein that is part of the immune system , and aspirin to reduce fever and inflammation of the blood vessels, especially the arteries of the heart .

After the fever subsides, small doses of aspirin can be continued in the child for a few months to reduce the risk of heart artery injury and blood clots. To prevent Reye’s syndrome from prolonged aspirin use, dipyridamole may be used.

Treatment should be done in the hospital until symptoms of the disease are controlled and there is no risk to the child’s health.

The most serious complication of Kawasaki disease is heart problems such as heart valve problems, myocarditis, arrhythmias or pericarditis. Aneurysms can also arise in the coronary arteries of the heart that can cause artery obstruction, causing infarction and sudden death.

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