Irritable Bowel Syndrome – What It Is, Symptoms and Treatment Let’s know all the symptoms. In addition, Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a problem that causes inflammation of the intestinal villi, causing symptoms such as pain, abdominal bloating , excess gas, and periods of constipation or diarrhea. These symptoms usually worsen due to various causes, ranging from situations of stress to the intake of certain foods.
What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome?
The Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a common chronic disease that affects the large intestine (colon) and it requires medical care in the long run.
Causes Of Irritable Bowel Syndrome:
Studies show that the exact causes of irritable bowel syndrome are complex and different for each person since many factors in one’s life can affect digestion .
Researchers believe that the underlying cause of the symptoms of the syndrome is abnormal functioning of nerves, enzymes and muscles within the digestive tract. These help to control nutrient absorption after eating, fluid levels, gas, and bowel movements (9).
An important factor that determines how the digestive system really works is its stress and mood levels , since the intestines are closely linked to the brain. Stress and digestion are also directly related because the gut is capable of producing, or not producing, certain neurotransmitters, such as serotonin.
Although there is no specific cause, common factors contributing to irritable bowel syndrome include:
Chronic stress ;
Cases of irritable bowel syndrome in the family;
Changes in sleep routine;
Imbalances or hormonal changes.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome Symptoms
The signs and symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome can vary greatly from person to person and are often similar to the symptoms of other diseases. The most common are:
Abdominal pain or cramps
Diarrhea or constipation – sometimes alternating seizures between the two problems
Mucus in stool.
The irritable bowel syndrome is a chronic disease in most cases, but there are times when the manifested symptoms are worse and times when they are better. They may even have completely asymptomatic phases.
Treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome:
Because it is not known exactly what leads to irritable bowel syndrome , the goal of treatment is to relieve symptoms and improve the patient’s quality of life. It can be done by using medications specific to the syndrome.
Changes in the patient’s lifestyle are part of the treatment. Incorporating fiber supplements and anticholinergic, antispasmodic, antidepressant (at lower doses), and diarrhea remedies should be accompanied by radical dietary changes, with the elimination of carbonated beverages, fatty foods , and gluten from daily diet.
Drugs for Irritable Bowel Syndrome:
The most commonly used medicines to treat irritable bowel syndrome are:
- Pinavium Bromide 100mg
- Pinavium Bromide 50mg
- Ceftriaxone Disodium
- Ceftriaxone Sodium
Only a doctor can tell you which medicine is right for you, as well as the correct dosage and duration of treatment. Always strictly follow your doctor’s guidelines and never self-medicate. Do not stop using your medicine without consulting a doctor first, and if you take it more than once or in much larger quantities than prescribed, follow the directions on the package leaflet.