Hypokalemia – What it is, Causes and Treatments that should not be ignored. In addition, hypokalemia is the amount of potassium in the bloodstream that is below the required level. The potassium is an important electrolyte to the proper functioning of nerve and muscle cells, especially to cells of the heart muscle.
Potassium levels in human blood usually range from 3.6 to 5.2mmol / L to be considered normal. For Hypokalaemia to be considered, the value must be between 3 and 3.5mmol / L. When the disease is considered moderate, the levels range from 2.5 to 3mmol / L. If the levels are even lower than 2.5mmol / L, you need to go to the doctor urgently as there is a risk to life. So check out Hypokalemia – What It Is, Causes and Treatments:
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What is hypokalemia?
Hypokalemia is the name given to the low amount of potassium present in the bloodstream. The potassium is an electrolyte essential for proper functioning of nerve cells and muscles, especially the heart muscle cells.
Causes of Hypokalemia:
The Hypokalemia occurs when the body loses too potassium body. This usually occurs in urine, sweat or feces. The use of diuretics is a major cause of the problem. In addition, others are the factors that cause hypokalemia :
Use of antibiotics and / or laxatives;
Use of diuretics;
Chronic kidney disease .
Generally, a small drop in the amount of potassium in the bloodstream shows no symptoms. However, when this drop is too great, it can even put one’s life at risk. Major symptoms of hypokalemia include:
Abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmias), especially in people with heart disease;
Paralysis (which may include the lungs);
Weakness or muscle spasms;
Muscle injury (rhabdomyolysis).
Treatment For Hypokalemia:
When the case of hypokalemia is simple, it can only be treated with potassium supplements in tablets, capsules or liquid. If the case is severe, potassium may be injected into the vein to reach the bloodstream more quickly.
In cases where medication ingestion is not required, simply cutting or changing diuretic medications may be sufficient to remedy the problem, however, the doctor must prescribe the doses and prescriptions.