Hydatidosis – What it is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments you should know. In addition, Hidatidose is a parasitic disease caused by tapeworm parasites called Echinococcus granulous. The disease can reach both humans and animals and is characterized by the appearance of cysts in various parts of the body. The rupture of such cysts causes anaphylactic shock in the affected individual and can lead to death.
Contamination of Hidatidose from humans is given after contact with animal feces, mainly dogs, contaminated with the parasite. Man can also become contaminated by eating vegetables containing eggs and parasitic larvae or contaminated water. The disease mainly affects organs such as the liver , lung and brain that can acquire cysts that grow from 1 to 5 cm a year and can reach the size of a soccer ball. Check out the Causes, Symptoms and Treatments of Hydatidosis:
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Symptoms of Hydatidosis:
The symptoms of Hydatidosis depend on the location of the cysts ; the most affected sites are the liver , lungs and brain . Cough, itching, skin lesions, asthma attack, anaphylactic shock, fatigue, fever , nausea, abdominal pain and allergies may occur .
As the cyst grows slowly, it is difficult to make the diagnosis early. Usually the cyst is discovered through routine exams, through x-rays, tomography, or ultrasound scans.
The biological test used to diagnose hydatidosis is the Casoni Reaction, which identifies specific antibodies in the body of the individual.
What Causes Hydatidosis:
Hydatidosis is a disease caused by the parasite Echinococcus granulosus, characterized by the appearance of cysts in certain areas of the body. When these cysts rupture they cause anaphylactic shock, which can result in the death of the individual.
Diagnosis For Hydatidosis:
It is difficult to diagnose Hydatidosis , mainly due to the slow growth of the cysts . However, the diagnosis can be made through routine exams, X-rays, CT scans or ultrasound scans. Exams that verify the Casoni reaction also help the patient identify cysts . The imaging tests are actually the safest for cysts identification and safe diagnosis should be done from these examinations.
Treatment for Hydatidosis:
Treatment for Hydatidosis is directed towards the elimination of parasites from the individual’s organism, and removal of the cysts .
Surgery is the most recommended treatment for the removal of cysts , and is divided into 3 phases: aspiration of cyst contents, drainage and cyst resection.
Surgery is contraindicated when cysts are very numerous or localized in difficult-to-access tissues. In these cases, several anti-parasitic drugs, such as mebendazole or albendazole, are used, which tend to penetrate the cyst by eliminating the larvae and guaranteeing cure of the cysts. contaminated individual.
The hydatid disease can be complicated if the rupture of a cyst in such cases the individual must be admitted to a hospital as quickly as possible, to prevent the onset of more serious complications.