Gastroenteritis – What It Is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments You May Not Know. In addition, gastroenteritis is a very common condition that causes diarrhea and vomiting. It is usually caused by a bacterial or viral belly bug.
It affects people of all ages, but is particularly common in young children. Most cases in children are caused by a virus called rotavirus. Adult cases are usually caused by norovirus (the “winter vomiting error”) or bacterial food poisoning.
Gastroenteritis can be very unpleasant, but usually subsides on its own within a week. You can usually take care of yourself or your child at home until you feel better.
Causes of Gastroenteritis:
The most common cause of gastroenteritis is an infection viral or bacterial, and less commonly infection parasite.
The most common causes of viral gastroenteritis are norovirus and rotavirus. Escherichia coli (E. coli), Salmonella and Campylobacter are the most common causes of bacterial gastroenteritis . The gastroenteritis parasite is usually caused by Giardia.
The gastroenteritis virus is the most frequent cause of outbreaks of gastroenteritis occurring when groups of people are affected at the same time and place.
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Symptoms usually appear within a few days (viral and bacterial) or weeks (parasites) of infection and may include:
Nausea and vomiting ;
Fever and chills;
Treatments For Gastroenteritis:
Most people with gastroenteritis recover within several days without the need for medical treatment as long as they remain properly hydrated. To help keep yourself comfortable and prevent dehydration while recovering, try the following:
Stop eating solid foods to let your stomach settle;
Avoid dairy products, caffeine, alcohol, nicotine ;
Avoid sugary, fatty or highly seasoned foods.