Frostbite – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments we should all know. In addition, Frostbite is an injury caused by freezing of the skin and underlying tissues. First, your skin is very cold and red, then numb, hard and pale. Frostbite is most common on the fingers, toes, nose, ears, cheeks and chin.
The skin exposed in the cold and windy weather is more vulnerable to freezing. But freezing can occur on skin covered by gloves or other clothing. Frostnip, the first stage of freezing, does not cause permanent skin damage. You can treat very light freezing with first aid measures, including rewarming your skin .
All other freezes require medical attention as they may damage the skin , tissues, muscles and bones . Possible complications of severe freezing include infection and nerve damage.
Frostbite occurs when the skin and underlying tissues freeze. The most common cause of freezing is exposure to cold weather conditions. But it can also be caused by direct contact with ice, freezing of metals or very cold liquids.
Specific conditions leading to freezing include:
Wearing clothes that are not suitable for the conditions you are in – for example, does not protect against cold, wind or wet weather or is too tight. Staying in the cold and wind for a long time.
The risk of catching Frostbite increases as the air temperature drops below 5 F (minus 15 C) even at low wind speeds. In wind chill of minus 16.6 F (minus 27 C), freezing of exposed skin may occur in less than 30 minutes. Touching materials such as ice, cold packs or frozen metal.
Signs and symptoms of freezing include:
First, cold skin and stinging sensation
red, white, bluish or yellowish skin
Hard or waxy skin
Tolerability due to joint and muscle stiffness
Blister after reheating in severe cases
Frostbite is most common on the fingers, toes, nose, ears, cheeks and chin. Because of the numbness of the skin , you may not realize that you have Frostbite until someone points.
Treatment for freezing includes first aid care and medical treatment, depending on the severity of freezing. You can treat very light frostnip with first aid measures. All other frosts require medical attention.
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First Aid Care:
Check Hypothermia: Get emergency medical help if you suspect hypothermia.
Protect your skin from further exposure: If you are away, take your hands cold by placing them under your armpits. Protect your face, nose and ears by covering them with dry, gloved hands. Do not rub the affected area and never rub the snow on the cold skin .
Get out of the cold: Once you’re in, remove the wet clothes.
Lightly remove icy areas: Soak hands or feet in warm water – 99 to 108 F (37 to 42 C) – for 15 to 30 minutes. If a thermometer is not available, test the water by placing an uninjured hand or elbow on it – it should feel very hot, not hot.