Fetal Alcohol Syndrome – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments we should all know. In addition, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is a condition in a child that results from exposure to alcohol during the mother’s pregnancy. The Fetal Alcohol Syndrome causes brain damage and growth problems. Problems caused by fetal alcohol syndrome vary from child to child, but defects caused by Fetal Alcohol Syndrome are not reversible.
There is no amount of alcohol that is known to be safe to consume during pregnancy. If you drink during pregnancy, it puts your baby at risk for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome .
If you suspect your child has fetal alcohol syndrome, talk to your doctor as soon as possible. Early diagnosis can help reduce problems such as learning disabilities and behavioral problems.
Causes of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome:
When you are pregnant and you drink alcohol :
The alcohol enters the bloodstream and reaches a developing fetus through the placenta;
Alcohol causes higher blood alcohol concentrations in your developing baby than in your body because a fetus metabolizes alcohol slower than an adult does;
The alcohol interferes with the delivery of oxygen and optimal nutrition for your developing baby;
Exposure to alcohol before birth can impair the development of tissues and organs and cause permanent brain damage to your baby.
The more you drink during pregnancy, the greater the risk to the unborn baby. However, any amount of alcohol puts your baby at risk. Your baby ‘s brain , heart and blood vessels begin to develop in the first weeks of pregnancy before you can know you are pregnant.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Symptoms:
The severity of symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome varies, with some children experiencing them to a much greater degree than others. Signs and symptoms of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome may include any mix of physical defects, intellectual or cognitive disabilities, and problems with functioning and coping with daily life.
Physical Defects May Include:
Distinctive facial features including small eyes, an exceptionally thin upper lip, a short, upturned nose, and a smooth skin surface between the nose and upper lip
Joint , limb and finger deformities
Slow physical growth before and after birth
Vision difficulties or hearing problems
Small head circumference and brain size
Heart defects and kidney and bone problems
Treatment of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome:
There is no specific cure or treatment for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome . Physical defects and mental deficiencies usually persist throughout life.
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However, early intervention services may help reduce some of the effects of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and may prevent some secondary disabilities. Intervention services may involve:
A team that includes a special education teacher, a speech therapist, physical and occupational therapists, and a psychologist;
Early intervention to help walk, talk and social skills;
Special services at school to help with learning and behavioral issues;
Medicines to help with some symptoms;
Medical care for health problems such as vision problems or heart abnormalities;
Address alcohol and other substance problems if necessary;
Professional and life skills training;
Counseling parents and family to deal with a child’s behavioral problems;