Ebola – What It Is, Causes, Symptoms and Prevention

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Ebola – What is it, Causes, Symptoms and Prevention that many ignore. In addition, the disease was once known as “ Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever ”, but today it is called “ Ebola Virus Disease ”. The Ebola is an infection characterized by the virus that bears the same name, ” Ebola virus” causing the patient a fever hemorrhagic. The ebola virus is considered one of the most dangerous that mankind is aware of, it is a filamentous filovirus that has no classification.

Its lethality rate can reach 90%, the disease affects humans and non-human primates (monkeys, gorillas and chimpanzees). Symptoms begin two to three weeks after contracting the virus . It begins with the virus multiplying in the cells of the liver , spleen, lung and lymphatic tissue, causing significant damage and bleeding.

Causes of Ebola:

Ebola can be contracted through direct contact with the body fluids of an infected or human animal. These include blood , saliva, semen, vomiting, urine or stool.

According to the World Health Organization, it is also possible to acquire the virus by dealing with a sick or dead wild animal that has been infected. There is some evidence that the Ebola virus can be transmitted through the air from nonhuman primates to nonhuman primates such as monkey to monkey. No definitive studies have proven this, however.

An infected person usually does not become contagious until symptoms develop. Family members are often infected by caring for sick or dead relatives.

Professionals may come into contact with the virus if they do not wear protective equipment such as surgical masks and gloves. Ebola is not highly transmissible, just diagnose the patient and isolate.

Ebola Symptoms:

The Ebola incubation period is generally 5-7 days, but cases older than 20 days have already been reported. Unlike many common viruses, patients in the incubation period are unable to transmit the virus . The contagious phase begins only when the first symptoms appear.

Ebola infection usually begins suddenly, with high fever, chills, malaise, prostration, and muscle pain. Vomiting, diarrhea , sore throat and headache are also very common. Initially, the condition may be very similar to that of any stronger virus, such as flu.

The disease remains more or less stable in the early days but begins to worsen at the end of the first week. Reduced level of consciousness, hypotension, kidney and liver failure , skin rashes and bleeding, especially in the eyes, are signs of severity.

In general, patients who do not start to show signs of improvement upon entering the second week are at greatest risk of dying. In the laboratory, this recovery in the second week is related to a drop in circulating virus levels in the blood  and an increase in the number of specific antibodies against Ebola virus .

The factor that seems to define a patient’s prognosis is the ability of their immune system to react and rapidly mount an immune response against the virus . The patients who die are those who until the second week have not yet been able to control the replication of the virus, nor produce adequate levels of antibodies.

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Ebola Treatment:

There is no cure for Ebola . The only treatments available are those designed to help alleviate Ebola symptoms . These may include:

Oxygen therapy

Intravenous Fluids

Blood transfusions

Drugs to treat shock

Pain medications.

Once the disease has been cured, the person is immune to the  Ebola virus . This way, you can get in touch with others who have the disease without greater risk.

How to Prevent Ebola:

To keep away from the virus  some preventive measures can be taken as always wash your hands with plenty of soap and water. When possible, make use of alcohol gel. Try to stay away from where Ebola epidemics have occurred or have occurred and avoid contact with infected persons. The more the disease progresses in the individual, the greater the chances of it contaminating someone.

Never eat food or drink water of unknown origin. Remember that even after death the person can still transmit the virus . In hazardous locations, wear protective clothing such as rubber boots, special overalls, gloves, eye shields and disposable masks. Under no circumstances reuse syringes and needles as well as any other medical instruments.

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