Dyspareunia – What It Is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments


Dyspareunia – What is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments of this problem that aggravates women’s health. In addition, dyspareunia  is a psychosomatic disease in which, during sex , women experience discomfort and pain in the vaginal region , often leading to involuntary spasms of the pelvic muscles and other parts of the body.

It is estimated that the dyspareunia  affects about 2 per 1000 women. However, this number may be higher because obtaining statistical data on this condition is difficult due to factors such as the shame and embarrassment of many women who, intimidated by this taboo, do not seek treatment.

What is dyspareunia?

The  Dyspareunia is pain or discomfort during intercourse sexual . The intensity can range from mild discomfort to severe acute pain. The problem also affects men, although it is more common among women.

Researchers estimate that up to 60% of women experience episodes of genital pain that occurs before, during or after sexual intercourse . But pain location and frequency vary widely.

Dyspareunia  is one of the most common causes of problems in sex. The prevalence of pain seems to be increasing over time and this is due to changes in sexual behavior  and increased STDs.

In addition, a greater willingness to discuss  women’s sexual behavior contributes to the perception of increased cases.

Causes of Dyspareunia:

Psychological Causes of Dyspareunia:

Numerous women who report pain during sex  are physically healthy but have other psychological and emotional interference, and these and other issues need to be addressed with Psychotherapy, with a Psychology professional, more precisely with a Specialist Psychologist on Human Sexuality.



Low sexual desire ;

Difficulty of excitement;

Disagreements in the couple;

Relationship problems;


Problems at work;

Negative emotions;

Experienced experiences of sexual violence  or abuse.

Physical Causes of Dyspareunia:

Presence of fungi;


Physical injuries;



Insufficient vaginal lubrication

infections ;


Hormonal conditions (menopause and lactation);

Hypoestrogenism (estrogen drop in the body);

Chronic pelvic pain;

Pelvic inflammatory disease.

Dyspareunia Symptoms:

The most typical symptom of this condition is a stabbing or burning pain that arises early in the penetration. Some women complain of pain in the vagina, but others report that the discomfort is very deep in the pelvis, especially during the back and forth movements of the penis .

Pain at multiple sites of gynecological anatomy is also a possible complaint. Pain at penetration is the most common complaint, but some women also complain of pain during or after intercourse.

If a woman is always “aching” after sex , this is also characterized as Dyspareunia . If in addition to pain there is also bleeding or vaginal discharge during or shortly after intercourse, the most likely cause is trauma or gynecological infections .

If dyspareunia  may be associated with vaginal dryness . In these cases, menopause, medication use, estrogen deficiency, libido changes or simply lack of sexual interest by the partner may be the cause.

Dyspareunia Treatments:

In the treatment of psychogenic dyspareunia  can be used individually and steam therapy, psycho-correction of a pair hypnosuggestive therapy, body-oriented therapy, auditory training, sexual therapy .

The goal of psychotherapeutic treatment is to change the attitude toward sexual intercourse , the elimination of waiting for pain, the harmonization of marital relations. Recommendations for changing sexual techniques, selecting lubricants, using techniques to relax the vaginal muscles.

It is important to remember that effective elimination of psychogenic dyspareunia  is possible only if the involvement of both committed partners is involved.


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