Dislocation – What is the most suitable causes, symptoms and treatments to deal with this type of condition. In addition, dislocation is a type of trauma that affects the bones in the joints , when it occurs, severe pain is felt in the affected site, inability to move the affected joint, deformation of the site with swelling. Once verified it is necessary to immobilize the place with a splint or sling.
Dislocations can occur only in the joints . It is an injury that causes the ends of your bones not to position within a joint. In medical terms, it is defined as loss of joint contact, that is, the separation of two bones that are usually interconnected through the cartilage.
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What is dislocation:
Dislocation is characterized by the sudden dislocation of the extremities of the bones of a joint, whether this partial or complete dislocation. In other words, this means that one bone separates from another, and they should be joined together.
In addition to being a problem in itself, it can cause secondary problems, as dislocation of bones can cause external injuries such as muscles, blood vessels and especially ligaments. Where bones are most likely to be dislocated are shoulders, knees, hips, elbows, fingers, and wrists, as they are more likely to receive a hard blow.
It is also good to emphasize that it is very different from the crack and the fracture . A fissure is when bone suffers a small injury, opening a fissure. The fracture is when the bone breaks completely. But there are cases where the bone can be dislocated and at the same time a fracture or fissure.
Causes of Dislocation:
Most of the time, it is caused by a violent trauma affecting the joint. Injury may also indirectly affect, as is the case, for example, in shoulder joint dislocations caused by a fall in which the individual rests on the elbow or the hand.
It can result from sudden, intense violent movement or twisting as when a child walks hand in hand with an adult and stumbles. In some cases, the dislocation is caused by deterioration of the supporting elements of the joint (ligaments, joint capsule, tendons and muscles) as a consequence of a disease or congenital malformation.
It can occur in two types: complete or incomplete.
Complete Dislocation: It is one in which the bones that constitute a joint completely disintegrate.
Incomplete Dislocation: Also called sub-dislocation, is the dislocation of bones that occurs in a small way where the bones do not completely separate.
It is easily observed because the region is usually swollen and bruised. In addition, the affected area may turn red or have different skin tones. Another clue is the deformation of the site.
Thus, the symptoms usually observed are:
Tingling sensation in the region;
Restriction or loss of movement;
Deformation and / or swelling at the site;
Numbness around the place;
Discoloration in the affected region;
Pain during the movement.
Dislocation treatment may include repositioning of bone in the joint, a prescription for painkillers or anti-inflammatories, a sling, brace or splint and possible rehabilitation treatment. If it is severe, it may take longer than the usual two or three weeks to return to full motion.
After ‘shifting’ a bone, however, be careful as this bone is more prone to future dislocation. Many athletes who move their knees or ankles may use special supports or elastic bands in the future to prevent relapses.