Dementia – What it is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments you need to know. Moreover, Dementia is a condition that shocks the vast majority of lay people who associate it with the idea of madness. In medicine, however, the word Dementia has a different meaning.
It is used to define frames that are characterized by persistent and progressive cognitive impairment. This lack interferes with the routine activities of the person suffering from dementia , although it may cost him to lose consciousness of the world around him.
Some diseases may present behavioral manifestations characteristic of dementia . In this case, the differential diagnosis is extremely important because they are amenable to treatment and the individual returns to normal life.
Causes of Dementia:
The Dementia involves damage to nerve cells in the brain , which can occur in various areas of the brain system. The Dementia affects individuals differently, depending on the area of the brain affected.
Dementias are often grouped by what they have in common, such as the part of the brain affected or get worse over time (progressive dementias).
Some dementia , such as those caused by a reaction to medications or vitamin deficiencies, may improve with treatment. Several diseases are behind the causes of dementia .
Dementia does not always have symptoms directly. Usually, it starts slowly, gradually getting worse, and this disturbance is not always identified from the beginning.
There is a reduction in memory and the ability to sense time and to recognize people, places and objects.
Patients with this condition find it difficult to find the right word and also to think of the abstract (how to work with numbers).
Personality changes are also common and a peculiar personality trait is often exacerbated.
There are several treatments that allow:
Modification of the course of the disease with delay or suspension of progression of the disease process.
Improvement of symptoms, including cognitive improvement, behavioral improvement and greater autonomy.
occupational therapy, physical activity, psychotherapy, home safety promotion, fall prevention, risky behavior prevention, home care, day care activities.