Cervical Cancer – What It Is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

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Cervical Cancer – What it is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments you need to know. In addition, Cervical Cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix – the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina.

Several strains of the virus human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection, play a role in the cause of most of the cervical cancer .

When exposed to HPV, a woman’s immune system usually prevents the virus from causing harm. In a small group of women, however, the virus survives for years, contributing to the process that causes some cells on the surface of the cervix uterus become cancerous cells.

Causes of Cervical Cancer:

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is present in about 99% of cervical cancer . There are over 100 different types of HPV, most of which are considered low risk and do not cause cervical cancer .

High-risk types of HPV can cause cervical cell abnormalities or cancer . More than 70 percent of cervical cancer cases can be attributed to two types of HPV-16 and HPV-18 viruses , often referred to as high-risk types of HPV.

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Symptoms of Cervical Cancer:

In the early stages of Cervical Cancer , a person may have no symptoms. As a result, women should have regular cervical smear tests, or Pap tests.

A Pap smear is preventative. It aims not to detect cancer , but to reveal any cellular changes that indicate that the cancer can develop, so that the advanced actions can be taken.

The most common symptoms of cervical cancer include:

Bleeding after intercourse;

Discomfort during intercourse;

Bleeding in postmenopausal women;

Vaginal discharge dyed with blood ;

Vaginal discharge malodorous;

Pelvic pain.

Treatment for Cervical Cancer:

Treatment for Cervical Cancer depends on many factors, including the stage of the cancer when it is diagnosed.

Surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and targeted therapy are common methods of treatment for Cervical Cancer . Different types of physicians may be involved in the treatment team, including:

Oncologist gynecologist, specialist in cancer treatment of female reproductive organs, including surgery to remove cancers;

Radiation Oncologist: A doctor who uses radiation to treat different types of cancer ;

Medical oncologist: specialist in the use of chemotherapy and other medical therapies to treat cancer .

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