Cataract – What is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments that should not be ignored. In addition, Cataract is a disease in which the lens, the natural lens of the eyes, loses its transparency and becomes opaque. It can cause partial or total loss of vision (blindness), and leave the Vision cloudy or blurred, decrease the Vision night and cause photophobia (hypersensitivity to light).
This condition develops slowly, often going unnoticed before causing any more severe symptoms. Before evolving, wearing glasses may help to cope with the disease, but as it becomes more severe, cataract surgery is required. So check out the Cataract – What it is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments:
Causes of Cataract:
The causes of cataract can be diverse. The most frequent cause of ocular cataract is the natural aging process that usually occurs from the age of 45 and the onset of hypovision symptoms from the age of 60.
Although aging is the most common cause of cataracts , other causes may be due to: intraocular surgery (vitrectomy, glaucoma surgery, etc.), medications (corticosteroids or myotics), diseases ( diabetes , galactosemia, kidney disease). ), eye infections and inflammations (uveitis), etc.
Cataract Symptoms :
Cataract symptoms are usually as follows:
Vision blurred or “fuzzy”;
Decreased sensitivity to color and contrast;
Double vision in one eye (monocular diplopia);
Increased sensitivity to light (photophobia);
Frequent alteration of refractive errors, with frequent change of glasses;
Decreased Night Vision .
The Cataract early may be asymptomatic (without symptoms).
Cataract symptoms in the eyes are more or less intense depending on the degree of opacification of the lens. Symptoms of ocular cataract are usually more pronounced the higher the level of lens opacification.
Treatment The only effective treatment today is surgical treatment. The surgical technique consists of removing the opacified lens through the phacoemulsification technique, in which the crystalline nucleus is emulsified through an intraocular ultrasound probe. The advantage of this technique is that the incision size is about 3mm, which is much smaller than the conventional technique, providing a faster recovery of visual acuity and therefore a shorter postoperative convalescence.