Burning Mouth Syndrome – What It Is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

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Burning Mouth Syndrome – What is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments best suited to deal with this condition. In addition, burning mouth discomfort is not uncommon and can be associated with various disorders when present in conjunction with other symptoms. However, up to 15% of older patients may have a burning sensation in their mouth, despite the absence of other visible symptoms. This is classified as Burning Mouth Syndrome .

This dysfunction continues to confuse dental researchers. At various times, the issue has been linked to mucosal, periodontal or restoration problems. Mental or emotional causes have also been cited as the reason for people who develop this condition.

What is Burning Mouth Syndrome:

Burning mouth syndrome is a benign but very unpleasant condition that is characterized by a burning sensation in all or part of the mouth. Also called scalded mouth syndrome, lip-burning syndrome, tongue syndrome, burned mouth syndrome, burning mouth syndrome affects about two percent of the population.

She is a rare disease, but women, especially postmenopausal , and people in their sixties and seventies. They are most commonly affected. In general, without a clearly identifiable cause, this syndrome can also, in some cases, be triggered by specific events. These include dental procedures such as dentures, upper respiratory tract infections, traumatic events, stress and anxiety , and taking medications.

Causes of Burning Mouth Syndrome:

After many studies, it has been concluded that most cases of oral cavity burn occur in postmenopausal women . However, there are other factors that trigger this syndrome, such as:

  • Damage to the nerves responsible for taste and pain;
  • Mouth dryness, which may be due to the use of some drugs or disorders, such as Sjogren’s syndrome and diabetes ;
  • Anxiety ;
  • Gastric reflux ;
  • Oral candidiasis;
  • Depression ;
  • Poorly fitting dentures or allergies to dental materials;
  • Nutritional deficiencies.

In more than half of the patients, pain arises spontaneously without a precipitating factor. About one third of affected individuals report the initiation of dental treatment, disease or use of a certain drug, in association with the onset of burning.

Burning Mouth Syndrome Symptoms:

Other manifestations of Burning Mouth Syndrome include:

  • The pain may present as soon as you wake up, intensifying during the day and persisting into the night.
  • Increased thirst;
  • Xerostomia (dry mouth);
  • Numbness in the mouth or tongue;
  • Taste change, with metallic or bitter taste.
  • Tingling in the mouth or tongue
  • Pain that intensifies during the day;

There are cases where burning may come and go, or even cases where patients may go all day without burning.

Treatment of Burning Mouth Syndrome:

The first and foremost thing is to treat recognized risk factors like depression and habits. Treatment with antidepressants and anticonvulsants has shown promising results, although there is still no clear treatment protocol that works for everyone.

Medication, as well as therapy and behavior modification in conjunction with others, is more likely to work. In almost two thirds of reported cases, patients saw a resolution of symptoms spontaneously. In others, the symptoms were permanent and persisted throughout life.

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