Boil – What is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments of this condition. In addition, Boil , popularly called frunco is an abscess (collection of pus) that forms under the skin when bacteria infect a hair follicle, where the hair grows structure.
Unlike folliculitis, which is a localized infection restricted to the hair follicle, Furuncle arises because the infection spreads through subcutaneous tissue around the follicle.
Its main feature is the formation of an abscess, that is, a reddish, hardened and hot lump, with a yellowish area in the central part indicating the presence of pus. The size varies according to the depth of the infected tissues.
What is Boil?
The furuncle , popularly known as nail head, is an infection of the skin , in the form of an abscess that occurs when infection of the hair follicle by the bacterium , usually by Staphylococcus aureus.
In general, the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus is present on the surface of our skin and can not penetrate it, unless there is some wound. Any skin injury , however small, can serve as a gateway to bacteria, including mosquito bites, abrasions, razor wounds or needle injuries.
Causes of Boil:
The Boil is usually caused by the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus, a fairly common type and can be found on the skin and inside the nose. However, this condition can also be caused by other bacteria or fungi present on the surface of the skin .
It usually grows in places affected by a wound or insect bite, which facilitates the entry of bacteria . The Boil may occur in hair follicles from any part of the body, and there may be more than one at a time.
The lesion occurs especially in the hairy regions most exposed to moisture, pressure and friction, or to fatty substances that facilitate the obstruction of the hair follicles. The Boils are most common on the face, neck, armpits, buttocks and thighs.
One of the main symptoms of the Boil and the formation of a reddish, hardened follicular abscess with signs of central pus and pain are the main symptoms. The pain disappears when the skin covering the lump ruptures spontaneously or surgically and pus and necrotic tissue (popularly known as the big butcher) are eliminated.
At the end of the healing process , a dark spot appears at the site of infection . As for carbuncles, besides being very painful, they leave extensive scars because of tissue necrosis at the site of infection .
Boil Risk Factors:
This problem strikes anyone, what there are are factors that can increase the odds such as:
Poor hygiene, such as not washing your hands and frequently rubbing your face;
Excess oiliness on the skin ;
People who have a habit of ‘squeezing’ pimples and blackheads ;
Obesity, as it increases fat and spaces that are conducive to development;
Diabetes as it reduces immunity to bacteria that causes Boils .
The doctor will easily recognize the Boil by simply observing the injury. However, it will question the circumstances of occurrence and possibly search for underlying diseases. In addition, frequent relapses and furunculosis may require specimens to identify the causative organism .
It is possible to treat small boils at home by applying warm compresses to relieve pain and favor the natural drainage of the lesion. It is also important to always clean the wound site to avoid further complications.
For larger boils , your doctor may indicate some more specific treatments:
Incision and Drainage: The specialist may make a small incision in the central part of the Boil to induce pus drainage.
Antibiotics: If the Boil comes with bacterial infections, your doctor may prescribe a specific antibiotic to fight it, topical or oral.