Basal Cell Carcinoma – What It Is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments In this article you will get all your doubts about this disease. In addition, basal cell carcinoma is the most common skin cancer , accounting for about 95% of all skin cancer cases . It appears as small patches that slowly grow over time, but do not affect other organs than the skin .
Thus, basal cell carcinoma has a good chance of cure because, in most cases, it is possible to remove all cancer cells only with surgery, provided it is diagnosed in the early stages of development.
This type of cancer is more common after age 40, especially in people with fair skin , blond hair and light eyes who are overly exposed to the sun. However, basal cell carcinoma can appear at any age, so it is important to know how to identify the signs of skin cancer to ensure a good chance of cure.
What is Basal Cell Carcinoma?
The basal cell carcinoma is the type of cancer most common skin, constituting 70% of cases – but fortunately, is the least aggressive type. It takes its name from being a tumor consisting of basal cells common to the skin . These cells begin to multiply in a disorderly manner, giving rise to the tumor. The basal cell carcinoma shows very slow growth, which hardly invades other tissues and cause metastasis.
Causes of Basal Cell Carcinoma:
The basal cell carcinoma usually begins as tumors (nodules) small, bright, hard, or almost clear pink color, with dilated blood vessels and visible (telangiectasia), but its appearance can vary widely. Some tumors are high lumps that can open and form scabs in the center.
Others are flat, pale patches or red plaques a little like scars. Sometimes the rim of cancer ignites and takes on a pearl-white hue. Other times, the cancer may bleed, scab, and heal, leading the patient to think it is an ulcer rather than a cancer .
Basal Cell Carcinoma Symptoms:
The basal cell carcinoma may display only a slightly different appearance of the skin normal and most common on the face, neck and other parts that are very exposed to the sun. It looks like a lump (lump) that:
- It has a pearly appearance, as if it were covered with wax;
- It can be white, light pink, beige or brown;
- Bleeds easily;
- It looks like a wound that does not heal;
- It may form crust and leak some liquid.
As a general rule, any new sign on the skin or change in a spot that already existed should be a warning sign for a dermatologist. It is important to seek medical attention whenever you notice a new injury.
Or when an old injury has some kind of modification. There is a didactic rule for patients, called ABCD, which aims to recognize a cancer of skin in its early stages:
Treatment of Basal Cell Carcinoma:
The most appropriate treatment for squamous cell carcinoma, as well as for other types of skin cancer , is surgery to remove the tumor. However, some people may have no indication for surgery in general elderly with some comorbidity or bedridden people who have difficulty walking.
There are other situations in which surgery alone may not be sufficient for the total removal of the tumor, or the behavior of the tumor may call for other measures. In such cases, your doctor may recommend other treatments for eradication of squamous cell carcinoma.