Arachnophobia – What It Is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments In this article, you will get all your doubts about this disease. In addition, arachnophobia is an irrational and intense fear of spiders. As with any phobia , people who suffer from it go so far as to limit their daily lives to their own. This is how they usually avoid any place where they can find spiders, thus determining where they live, where they take vacations and even where they spend their free time.
People suffering from arachnophobia when faced with a spider are invaded by a strong fear that generates sweating, tachycardia, nausea , rapid breathing, among others. If you suffer from arachnophobia , here are some recommendations that will help you overcome this phobia .
What is arachnophobia?
Arachnophobia or the fear of spiders is the oldest and most common phobia in Western culture. The word arachnophobia is derived from the Greek word arachne, which means spiders. The response to spiders exhibited by an arachnophobic individual may seem irrational to others and often to the patient himself.
Causes of Arachnophobia:
Scientists who have studied this fear of spiders explain that it may be a result of evolutionary selection. This means that arachnophobia is an evolutionary response, as spiders, especially the most poisonous ones, have always been associated with infections and disease. Thus, the fear of spiders triggers a repulsive response in many individuals.
A study in the UK of 261 adults showed that about 32% of women and 18% of men in the group felt anxious, nervous or extremely frightened when confronted with a spider (real or in images).
Early symptoms of arachnophobia or fear of spiders may appear in your childhood or adolescence. However, following a traumatic episode, some or all of the following symptoms may be present at all ages when the patient is confronted with the object of phobia :
- Increased heart rate
- Feeling crazy and losing control;
- Chest pain;
- Choking sensation;
- Inability to distinguish between reality and unreality;
- Thoughts of death;
- Nausea or other gastrointestinal disorders.
In some arachnophobic individuals, these symptoms may be triggered only by anticipating contact with a spider. Even the sight or mention of cobwebs can trigger such a response.
People afraid of spiders with extreme aversion to these creatures can be negatively affected in their daily lives. These individuals have an active need to avoid areas where spiders may be present, as they are the object animals of fear.
As with Catsaridaphobia, fear of cockroaches, Cynophobia, fear of dogs and many other zoophobias. The combination of therapy , counseling and medication is a strategy to be used to treat this fear.
It is important to aggressively seek the treatment chosen for it to be effective. Medicines such as benzodiazepines are useful in reducing the intensity of reactions in the presence of spiders, but they should be used sparingly and under medical supervision. Relaxation techniques such as meditation and positive affirmations also form an essential part of therapy .