Anemia – What it is, Symptoms and Treatments you need to know. In addition, aplastic anemia is a blood disease in which the bone marrow of the body – the soft tissue in the center of the bones – does not produce enough blood cells.
Your blood is composed of three general types of blood cells in a liquid called blood plasma. Red blood cells carry fresh oxygen into the body’s cells and draw carbon dioxide from the cells (and into the lungs to be exhaled).
White cells fight off infections and strange invaders. Platelets are fragments of disc-shaped cells that help in the formation of blood clots to stop bleeding.
These blood cells have their own lifespan and die naturally, to be replaced by new blood cells formed in the bone marrow.
The clinical presentation of people with aplastic anemia includes symptoms associated with decreased bone marrow production of hematopoietic cells. The onset is insidious, and the initial symptom is often related to anemia or bleeding, although fever or infections can be seen in the presentation.
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Symptoms and Signs of aplastic anemia may include:
Swelling in the feet ;
Bleeding gums, skin rash petechial;
Occult and / or recurrent infections.
Treatment For Aplastic Anemia:
Treatments for aplastic anemia may include observation for mild cases, blood transfusions and medications for more delicate cases and in severe cases, bone marrow transplantation.
The Anemia , Aplastic severe, in which the blood cell count is extremely low, is life – threatening and requires immediate hospitalization for treatment.
Blood transfusions: Treatment for Aplastic Anemia usually involves transfusions of blood to control bleeding and relieve the symptoms of anemia .
Blood transfusions are not a cure for aplastic anemia , but they relieve the signs and symptoms by supplying blood cells that your bone marrow is not producing. A transfusion may include:
Platelets: Platelet transfusions help prevent excessive bleeding.
Red blood cells: Transfusions of red blood cells increase red blood cell count. This helps relieve anemia and fatigue in the body .