Acute Pancreatitis – What It Is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments


Acute Pancreatitis – What it is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments  indicated to deal with this condition properly. Also, what is, what are the causes, symptoms and treatments of Acute Pancreatitis ? You will find all the answers to these questions in this article. If you suffer from this disease, do not worry because there is treatment for Acute Pancreatitis .

Usually, the pancreas secretes pancreatic juice into the duodenum through the pancreatic canal. Pancreatic juice contains inactive digestive enzymes and inhibitors that deactivate any enzymes that activate on the way to the duodenum. Pancreatic canal obstruction by a gallstone trapped in the Oddi sphincter disrupts the flow of pancreatic juice.

And usually the obstruction is temporary and causes limited damage, which is quickly repaired. However, if the obstruction persists, activated enzymes accumulate in the pancreas, overtake inhibitors, and begin to digest pancreatic cells, causing severe inflammation.

What is Acute Pancreatitis:

Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas, but it is not clear which mechanism causes this inflammation. Experts believe that digestive enzymes that are produced by the pancreas, which become active only when they reach the small intestine, become active still within the gland, triggering a process of self-digestion and causing bloating and bleeding.

Causes of Acute Pancreatitis:

This type occurs due to inflammation of the pancreas, which occurs suddenly and usually heals within a few days with treatment. However, this type can be fatal with serious complications.

Its most common cause is the presence of gallstones , ie small “stones” formed by the hardened bile. They cause inflammation in the pancreas as they pass through the common bile duct.

Another cause is chronic alcohol use. The acute pancreatitis can occur within hours or until 2 days after the patient consumes alcohol. Other causes of this type of Acute Pancreatitis are:

  • Genetic abnormalities of the pancreas;
  • Abdominal trauma;
  • Tumors;
  • Medicines;
  • Infections

Acute Pancreatitis Symptoms:

Signs of Acute Pancreatitis usually vary from person to person, but the most common symptom of this form of the disease is progressive pain in the upper abdomen, which becomes constant and worsens over time. Pain caused by the acute form of pancreatitis can also:

Worsening minutes after eating or drinking, especially for foods high in fat. Some of the main symptoms are:

  • Indigestion ;
  • Worse to lie on your back .;
  • Hiccup;
  • Nausea and vomiting;
  • Radiate to the back region;
  • Clay colored stools;
  • Jaundice ;
  • Sensitivity and bloating in the abdominal region;
  • Appearance of rashes or skin lesions;
  • Mild yellowing of the skin;
  • Gases

Treatment of Acute Pancreatitis:

The treatment is clinical, which includes fasting (until pain and vomiting improve), intense hydration (with serum in the vein) and pain and vomiting control medication. There is a need to remove the causative factor, such as alcohol withdrawal, drug withdrawal, correction of metabolic changes, etc. Obviously this patient must remain in hospital.

Surgery is indicated in cases that cause abdominal trauma and are associated with injuries to other organs (spleen, liver, kidney, intestines, blood vessels, etc.) or when it develops some serious complication such as cyst formation, abscess ( pus) or partial or total necrosis of the pancreas.

Patients with gallbladder stones are indicated for removal as soon as the pancreatitis outbreak is controlled to prevent further seizures.

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